CHAPTER XL

TWELFTH MEDITERRANEAN SEA DEPLOYMENT

CV’s & CVN’s OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA

The evacuation of the American embassy in Beirut, Lebanon

(1 June 1989 to 26 April 1990)

Part 1 – (31 May to 31 December 1989)

Part 2 – (1 to 31 January 1990)

Part 3 – (1 February to 26 April 1990)

 

 

1990 EAST COAST DEPLOYMENTS - Includes Florida

 

The US Navy's Atlantic Fleet (Second and Sixth Fleet) 1989 Aircraft Carriers scheduling of deployments, resulted in one CV and one CVN deployment transferring from the west coast extending into 1990, operating under the direction of the Sixth Fleet in the Mediterranean and the U.S. Naval Forces Central Command, 7th Fleet, serving as naval component commander for Central Command, with Operation Desert Shield commencing 2 August 1990 (Iraqi occupation of Kuwait):

 

AIRCRAFT CARRIER

DEP

 AIR WING

TAIL CODE

DEPART

RETURN

Days at Sea

*USS Enterprise (CVN-65) – Pacific, 7th, 6th & 2nd

5th North Arabian

Sea dep.

14th WestPac

17th & 18th Indian Ocean Voy.

3rd Cape of Good Hope

Solant

Lant

CVW-11

NH

17 Sep 1989

16 Mar 1990

3rd World Cruise

East Coast Transfer

22nd FWFD

181-Days

 

Third World Cruise 89–90, her Home Port Transfer to the east coast for Refueling and Complex Overhaul (RCOH) at Northrop Grumman Newport News shipyard, participating in PacEx 89, a joint large-scale training evolution involving U.S., Japanese and ROK forces, Annualex 89. Two battle forces (including the carriers Enterprise and USS Carl Vinson (CVN-70) and the battleships USS New Jersey (BB-62) and USS Missouri (BB-63) ("Mighty Mo" or "Big Mo")) operated in conjunction with the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force, Republic of Korea Navy and Air Force, U.S. Air Force and U.S. Marine Corps to provide highly successful joint training for Operation Classic Resolve, President George H.W. Bush's response to Philippine President Corazon Aquino's request for air support during the rebel coup attempt, to include open ocean AAW exercises, together with an opposed transit, ASUW and support of amphibious operations, though interrupted by “near daily” Soviet aerial reconnaissance flights to maintain the readiness of components and units of the Combined Forces Command defending the Republic of Korea. USS Alamo (LSD-33) headed to Korea to participate in the bilateral exercise Operation "Valiant Blitz 85-1" in cooperation with elements of the South Korean Navy and Marine Corps, conducted off the coast of Okinawa. Like BALIKATAN / TANGENT FLASH, VALIANT BLITZ 90, comprised of the largest assembly of U.S. naval air and sea power since World War II, was an amphibious operations training conducted off the coast of Okinawa, while coordinated operations involved a three-carrier battle group comprised of the Enterprise, USS Carl Vinson, and USS Constellation (CVN-64). USS Elliot (DD-967) provided naval gunfire support for the marine landing forces and screening actions against hostile forces opposing the transport ships. Two battle forces (including the carriers Enterprise and USS Carl Vinson (CVN-70) and the battleships USS New Jersey (BB-62) and USS Missouri (BB-63) ("Mighty Mo" or "Big Mo")) operated in conjunction with the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force, Republic of Korea Navy and Air Force, U.S. Air Force and U.S. Marine Corps to provide highly successful joint training for Operation Classic Resolve, President George H.W. Bush's response to Philippine President Corazon Aquino's request for air support during the rebel coup attempt. Battle Week exercises and or Weapons Week, WASEX, STRIKEX, SAREX, ACM, SINKEX, BANNEREX, highlighted early-to-mid January 1990, including NSSM launch and air-to-air missile shoots (MISSELEX) in the vicinity of Diego Garcia from 4 to 8 January 1990, followed by a five event fly day on 13 February 1990, continuing crossdecking personnel and conducted WASEX against USS Long Beach (CGN-9) (ex-CGN-160, CLGN-160) and Earnest Will exercises.

Operational Reactor Safeguards Examination (ORSE) Team will inspect the ship’s reactors. Coordinated operations involved a three-carrier battle group comprised of the Enterprise, USS Carl Vinson, and USS Constellation (CVN-64). Two battle forces (including the carriers Enterprise and USS Carl Vinson (CVN-70) and the battleships USS New Jersey (BB-62) and USS Missouri (BB-63) ("Mighty Mo" or "Big Mo") operated in conjunction with the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force, Republic of Korea Navy and Air Force, U.S. Air Force and U.S. Marine Corps to provide highly successful joint training and Operation Classic Resolve. Battle Week exercises and or Weapons Week, WASEX, STRIKEX, SAREX, ACM, SINKEX, BANNEREX, highlighted early-to-mid January 1990, including NSSM launch and air-to-air missile shoots (MISSELEX) in the vicinity of Diego Garcia from 4 to 8 January 1990 and Earnest Will exercises.

 

Ports of call include:

 

.CVW-11 Squadrons include: VF-114, Aardvarks, Fighter Squadron, Grumman, F-14A Tomcat, Jet Fighter; VF-213, Black Lions, Fighter Squadron, Grumman,  F-14A Tomcat, Jet Fighter: VA-22 (*1), Fighting Redcocks, Attack Squadron, Vought, A-7E, Corsair II , Jet Attack Aircraft; VA-94 (*2), Shrikes, Attack Squadron, Vought, A-7E Corsair II, Jet Attack Aircraft; VA-95, Green Lizards, Attack Squadron, Grumman, A-6E / KA-6D Intruder, Jet Attack Bomber, Tanker; VAW-117, Wallbangers, Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron, Grumman, E-2C Hawkeye, Electronics; VAQ-135, Black Ravens, Tactical Electronics Warfare Squadron, Grumman, EA-6B Prowler, Jet Attack Bomber - Special electronic installation; HS-6, Indians, Helicopter Anti-Submarine Squadron, Sikorsky, SH-3H Sea King - Anti-submarine and VS-21, Redtails, Air Anti-Submarine Squadron, Lockheed, S-3A Viking - Anti-Submarine. (*1) VA-22 redesignated VFA-22 on May 4, 1990 and (*2) VA-94 redesignated VFA-94 on Jun.28, 1990.

USS Forrestal (CV-59) – 2nd & 6th

1st Med

CVW-6

AE

6 Nov 1989

12 Apr 1990

Europe

158-days

Ports of call include:

 

VF-11, F-14A, VF-31, F-14A; VA-37 (*1), A-7E; VA-105 (*2), A-7E; VA-176, A-6E/KA-6D; VAW-122, E-2C; VAQ-142 (*3), EA-6B; HS-15, SH-3H and VS-28, S-3ª.

 

(*1) VA-37 redesignated VFA-37 on Nov.28, 1990
(*2) VA-105 redesignated VFA-105 on Dec.17, 1990
(*3) VAQ-142 disestablished on Jul.1, 1991

*West coast

 

US Navy's Atlantic Fleet (Second and Sixth Fleet) Aircraft Carriers Deployments and carriers from the east coast operating under the direction of the Sixth Fleet in the Mediterranean and the U.S. Naval Forces Central Command, 7th Fleet, serving as naval component commander for Central Command, with Operation Desert Shield commencing 2 August 1990 (Iraqi occupation of Kuwait) for 1990 are as follows:

 

AIRCRAFT CARRIER

DEP

 AIR WING

TAIL CODE

DEPART

RETURN

Days at Sea

USS Abraham Lincoln       (CVN-72) – 2nd

SoLant

Caribbean Sea

CVW-8

AJ

19 Jan 1990

22 Feb 1990

South America

Training Ops

35-days

2nd Shakedown Cruise, for Cyclic Operations and Carrier Qualifications, CSQT structure test firing, CSQT missile exercise, FORACS noise measurement in the Puerto Rican OPAREA, NATO Sea Sparrow Missile System certification and established first logistics mobile beach detachment to support command's first REFTRA in the Caribbean Sea from NAS Jacksonville, Fla. to NAS Roosevelt Roads, P.R., and back to NAS Jacksonville.

 

Port of call: Port Everglades, Fla.

 

Aircraft from Fighter Squadron VF-41, F-14A; VF-84, F-14A; Strike Fighter Squadrons VFA-15 and VFA-87 F/A-18As; Attack Squadrons VA-36 and VA-65 36, A-6Es; Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron VAW-124, E-2C, Air Antisubmarine Squadron VS-24, S-3B; Helicopter Anti-Submarine Squadron (HS-9) SH-3H; Tactical Electronics Warfare Squadron VAQ-141, EA-6B and Fleet Logistics Support Squadron VRC-40 Det., C-2A make up CVW-8.

*USS Constellation (CV-64) - 3rd & 2nd

EastPac

SoPac          Cape Horn SoLant

WestLant

CVW-9

NG

12 Feb 1990

Apr 1990

South America

49 est.-days

Home port transfer to the East Coast for a $800-million, three-year Service Life Extension Program (SLEP) at the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, Pa., via Norfolk, Va.

 

Ports of call include:

 

Squadrons: VF-74, F-14B; VA-35, A-6E / KA-6D; VAW-125, E-2C; VAQ-132, EA-6B; VS-30, S-3B; VRC-40 Det., C-2A; HC-16 Det., SH-3H.

 

*Redesignated VFA.

USS Saratoga (CV-60) – 2nd, 6th, 7th & NAVCENT

(1st Arabian Sea and Persian Gulf)

3rd & 4th Red Sea, Gulf of Aden and Suez Canal x2

CVW-17

AA

7 Aug 1990

27 Mar 1991

Europe

Middle East

1st Iraq War

Persian Gulf

189-days

1st Operation Desert Shield and 1st Operation Desert Storm, commencing in the early morning hours of 17 January 1991, with Operation Desert Shield commencing on 2 August 1990 (Iraqi occupation of Kuwait).

 

Ports of call include:

 

Squadrons: VF-74, F-14B; VF-103, F-14B; VFA-83, FA-18C; VFA-81, FA-18C; VA-35, A-6E/KA-6D; VAW-125, E-2C; VAQ-132, EA-6B; HS-3, SH-3H and VS-30, S-3B.

USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN-69) 2nd, 6th & 7th

NorLant

6th Med

1st Suez Canal

Red Sea

1st ODS

2nd Indian Ocean

1st MIO        2nd IO

2nd Suez Canal

Med

NorLant

CVW-7

AG

8 Mar 1990

12 Sep 1990

Europe

Middle East

Iraqi invades Kuwait

12th FWFD

189-days

 Ike Centennial Cruise

1st Operation Desert Shield to deter Iraqi aggression, operating under operational control of U.S. Naval Forces Central Command, commencing on 2 August 1990

(Iraqi occupation of Kuwait). Participating with USS Forrestal (CV-59) in maritime threat scenarios as part of National Week 90B, Joint Exercise Distant Thunder 90-1 with British and Turkish forces from 14 to 21 April 1990. Tomcats and Hornets flew dissimilar air combat training against British Panavia GR, Dragon Hammer 90, consisting of combined operations, coordinated air defense, and maritime and amphibious training, pitting her Tomcats against British Tornados, French and Spanish Mirages and Spanish Harrier, Journey to Victory, a commemoration of the Allied landings in Normandy from 2 to 6 June 1990, National Week 90, Operation Spellex, forming five stars and the numbers 1890–1990 in honor of the centennial celebration of President Eisenhower's birth on 17 March 1990, on her first Red Sea deployment in support of her 1st Operation Desert Shield, in retaliation of Iraqi occupation of Kuwait on 2 August 1990, when the largest armada since World War II assembled in the Gulf in support of Operation Desert Shield and Maritime Interception Operations (MIO) to enforce UN Security Council Resolution 51, which imposed an embargo upon ships entering or leaving Iraqi-occupied Kuwaiti and Iraqi ports. Ike served as a ready striking force in the event Iraq invaded Saudi Arabia, and will participate in maritime interception operations in support of a United Nations embargo against Iraq, becoming the first carrier to conduct sustained operations in the Red Sea and Indian Ocean, the only the second nuclear-powered aircraft carrier ever to transit the Suez Canal.

 

Ports of call included: Haifa, Israel and Augusta Bay.

 

Squadrons: VF-143, Pukin' Dogs, Fighter Squadron, F-14B; VF-142, Ghostriders, Fighter Squadron, F-14B; VA-46, Clansmen, Attack Squadron, FA-18A; VA-72, Blue Hawks, Attack Squadron, FA-18A; VA-34, Blue Blasters, Attack Squadron, A-6E / A6-E/KA-6D; VAW-121, Bluetails, Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron, E-2C; VAQ-140, Tactical Electronics Warfare Squadron, EA-6B; HS-5, Night Dippers, Helicopter Anti-Submarine Squadron, SH-3H and VS-31, Top Cats, Air Anti-Submarine Squadron, S-3B.

 

USS Ticonderoga (CG-47); USS Peterson (DD-969) and USS Oklahoma City (SSN-723) joined USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN-69) as part of her task force.

USS John F. Kennedy     (CV-67) – 2nd, 6th & Central Command (1st Persian Gulf & 2nd  & 3rd North Arabian Sea)

 

Lant

13th Med       3rd Suez Canal

3rd Red Sea

4th Suez Canal  Med

5th Suez Canal

5th Red Sea 3rd Gulf of Aden

2nd North Arabian Sea Gulf of Oman

Strait of Hormuz

1st Persian Gulf

Strait of Hormuz

Gulf of Oman 3rd North Arabian Sea

4th Gulf of Aden

6th Red Sea

6th Suez Canal

Med

Lant

CVW-3

AC

15 Aug 1990

28 Mar 1991

Europe

Middle Eaast

17th FWFD

224-days

 

National Week ’90 Exercises, 1st Operation Desert Shield and 1st Operation Desert Storm, commencing in the early morning hours of 17 January 1991, with Operation Desert Shield commencing on 2 August 1990 (Iraqi occupation of Kuwait).

 

 

 

Ports of call includes: Alexandria, Egypt; Izmir, Turkey; Antalya, Turkey; Jeddah, Saudi Aabia and Hurgada, Egypt.

 

Squadrons: VF-14 (F-14A); VF-32 (F-14A); VA-46 (A-7E); VA-72 (A-7E); VA-75 (A-6E and KA-6D); VAW-126 (E-2C); VAQ-130 (EA-6B); VS-22 (S-3B) and HS-7 (SH-3H).

 

USS South Carolina (CGN-37); USS Mississippi (CGN-40); USS Thomas S. Gates (CG-51) and USS Thomas C. Hart (FF-1092).

USS Abraham Lincoln        (CVN-72) – 2nd & 3rd

Solant

SoPac

Cape Horn

EastPac

CVW-11

NH

25 Sep 1990

20 Nov 1990

South America

Training Ops

57-days

Home Port Transfer to the West Coast

CVW-11 MISSILEX, CVW-11 Cyclic OPS in the Puerto Rican Operations Area and Blue Sky III in the Chilean waters, an exercise with the Chileans.

 

Ports of call: St. Thomas, Virgin Islands; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Singapore and Valparaíso, Chile.

 

Guided missile frigate USS Doyle (FFG-39) accompanied USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN-72) as part of her escort on its maiden voyage, riding it around South America en route to its new homeport in Naval Air Station, Alameda, California, while Carrier Air Wing Eleven embarked the Navy's newest carrier, making her homeport at Naval Air Station Lemoore” (Ref. 514 or Global Security).

 

Squadrons: VF-114, F-14A; VF-213, F-14A; VFA-303, F/A-18A; VFA-305, F/A-18A; VA-95, A-6E / KA-6D; VAW-117, E-2C; HS-17 (*1), SH-3H; VAQ-135, EA-6B and VRC-30 Det., C-2A.

 

(*1) disestablished on Jun.30, 1991.

 

Carrier Air Wing Eleven underwent major changes in 1990. A-7E's were replaced by F/A-18 Hornets, and SH-3's were replaced with SH-60 Sea Hawks specially configured for combat search and rescue. The E-2C and the A-6E underwent major upgrades. F/A-18 Hornet, F-14 Tomcat, EA-6B Prowler, S-3 Viking and E-2C Hawkeye.

USS America (CV-66) – 2nd, 6th, 7th & NAVCENT

(1st Arabian / Persian Gulf dep. and 9th & 10th Red Sea,

Gulf of Aden & Arabian Sea voy.)

NorLant

14th Med

9th Suez Canal

1st Red Sea

10th Suez Canal

Med

NorLant

CVW-1

AB

28 Dec 1990

18 Apr 1991

Europe

Middle East

1st Iraq War

Persian Gulf

112-days

1st Operation Desert Shield and 1st Operation Desert Storm, commencing in the early morning hours of 17 January 1991, with Operation Desert Shield commencing on 2 August 1990 (Iraqi occupation of Kuwait).

 

Ports visited not reported.

 

Squadrons: VF-102, F-14A; VF-33, F-14A; VFA-82, FA-18C; VFA-86, FA-18C; VA-85, A-6E / KA-6D; VAW-123, E-2C; HS-11, SH-3H; VAQ-137, EA-6B and VS-32, S-3B.

 

USS Normandy (CG-60) was part of USS America (CV-66) battle group.

USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71) 2nd, 6th & Central Command                (1st Arabian

/ Persian Gulf dep.) (1st & 2nd Red Sea & Gulf of Aden)

NoLant

2nd Med

1st Suez Canal

1st Red Sea

1st ODS/Storm

OPC

2nd Suez Canal

NoLant

CVW-8

AJ

28 Dec 1990

28 Jun 1991

Europe

Middle East

1st Iraq War

3rd FWFD

212-days

1st Operation Desert Shield, 1st Operation Provide Comfort, a military operation by the United States, starting in 1990, to defend Kurds fleeing their homes in northern Iraq in the aftermath of the Persian Gulf War and 1st Operation Desert Storm, commencing in the early morning hours of 17 January 1991 until 27 February 1992, when President George Bush declared Kuwait had been liberated and Operation Desert Storm would end at midnight) and Operation Desert Shield commencing 2 August 1990 (Iraqi occupation of Kuwait)

 

Ports visited not reported. Dubai, U.A.E.; Haifa, Israel and Rhodes, Greece.

 

Squadrons: VF-41, F-14A; VF-84, F-14A; VFA-15, FA-18A; VFA-87, FA-18A; VA-65 (*1), A-6E; VA-36, A-6E; VAW-124, E-2C; HS-9, SH-3H; VAQ-141, EA-6B; VS-24, S-3B and VRC-40 Det., C-2A.

 

(*1) VA-65 disestablished on Mar. 31, 1993.

 

 

USS Richmond K. Turner (CG-20) joined USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71) as part of her task force.

USS Enterprise (CVN-65) with CVW-11 embarked departed Alameda, California 17 September 1989, embarking CVW-11 operating out of her assigned home base in Calif., she will under go her third World cruise, her 11th Indian Ocean voyage and tour of duty with the 7th Fleet, she will under go Operation Classic Resolve, she will transit the Suez canal a second time via her fourth voyage in the Arabian Sea and second Gulf of Aden and Red Sea voyage, en route to Norfolk, Virginia via the Mediterranean Sea, on her fifth Mediterranean Sea voyage in which three were deployments and home port transfer

USS Constellation (CV-64) with CVW-9 embarked departed San Diego, Calif. 13 February 1990, on her home port transfer steaming to South Pacific via Cape Horn through the South Atlantic to the east coast for a three-year overhaul at the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, Pa., via Norfolk, Va.

(Ref. U. S. Navy Deployment History Resources)

 

1990 WEST COAST DEPLOYMENTS & U. S. NAVAL FORCES CENTRAL COMMAND PARTICIPATING CARRIERS – Includes Yokosuka, Japan (NAF Atsugi, Japan) (After the 2 August 1990 Iraqi occupation of Kuwait, the largest armada since World War II assembled in the Gulf in support of Operation Desert Shield. The Middle East Force found itself operating under operational control of U.S. Naval Forces Central Command)

 

The US Navy's 1989 Pacific Fleet and Seventh Fleet and Aircraft Carriers from both West and East coast deployments resulted in one CVN extending into 1990 operating under the direction of the U.S. Naval Forces Central Command, with the Commander, 7th Fleet, serving as naval component commander for Central Command, with Operation Desert Shield commencing 2 August 1990 (Iraqi occupation of Kuwait):

 

AIRCRAFT CARRIER

DEP

 AIR WING

TAIL CODE

DEPART

RETURN

Days at Sea

*USS Enterprise (CVN-65) – Pacific, 7th, 6th & 2nd

5th North Arabian

Sea dep.

14th WestPac

17th & 18th Indian Ocean Voy.

3rd Cape of Good Hope

Solant

Lant

CVW-11

NH

17 Sep 1989

16 Mar 1990

Middle East

3rd World

Cruse 181-Days

 

 

Home port transfer to the East Coast

Third World Cruise 89–90, her Home Port Transfer to the east coast for Refueling and Complex Overhaul (RCOH) at Northrop Grumman Newport News shipyard, participating in PacEx 89, a joint large-scale training evolution involving U.S., Japanese and ROK forces, Annualex 89. Two battle forces (including the carriers Enterprise and USS Carl Vinson (CVN-70) and the battleships USS New Jersey (BB-62) and USS Missouri (BB-63) ("Mighty Mo" or "Big Mo") operated in conjunction with the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force, Republic of Korea Navy and Air Force, U.S. Air Force and U.S. Marine Corps to provide highly successful joint training for Operation Classic Resolve, President George H.W. Bush's response to Philippine President Corazon Aquino's request for air support during the rebel coup attempt, to include open ocean AAW exercises, together with an opposed transit, ASUW and support of amphibious operations, though interrupted by “near daily” Soviet aerial reconnaissance flights to maintain the readiness of components and units of the Combined Forces Command defending the Republic of Korea. USS Alamo (LSD-33) headed to Korea to participate in the bilateral exercise Operation "Valiant Blitz 85-1" in cooperation with elements of the South Korean Navy and Marine Corps, conducted off the coast of Okinawa. Like BALIKATAN / TANGENT FLASH, VALIANT BLITZ 90, comprised of the largest assembly of U.S. naval air and sea power since World War II, was an amphibious operations training conducted off the coast of Okinawa, while coordinated operations involved a three-carrier battle group comprised of the Enterprise, USS Carl Vinson, and USS Constellation (CVN-64). USS Elliot (DD-967) provided naval gunfire support for the marine landing forces and screening actions against hostile forces opposing the transport ships. USS Alamo (LSD-33) headed to Korea to participate in the bilateral exercise Operation "Valiant Blitz 85-1" in cooperation with elements of the South Korean Navy and Marine Corps, conducted off the coast of Okinawa. Like BALIKATAN / TANGENT FLASH, VALIANT BLITZ 90, comprised of the largest assembly of U.S. naval air and sea power since World War II, was an amphibious operations training conducted off the coast of Okinawa, while coordinated operations involved a three-carrier battle group comprised of the Enterprise, USS Carl Vinson, and USS Constellation (CVN-64). USS Elliot (DD-967) provided naval gunfire support for the marine landing forces and screening actions against hostile forces opposing the transport ships. Two battle forces (including the carriers Enterprise and USS Carl Vinson (CVN-70) and the battleships USS New Jersey (BB-62) and USS Missouri (BB-63) ("Mighty Mo" or "Big Mo")) operated in conjunction with the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force, Republic of Korea Navy and Air Force, U.S. Air Force and U.S. Marine Corps to provide highly successful joint training for Operation Classic Resolve, President George H.W. Bush's response to Philippine President Corazon Aquino's request for air support during the rebel coup attempt. Battle Week exercises and or Weapons Week, WASEX, STRIKEX, SAREX, ACM, SINKEX, BANNEREX, highlighted early-to-mid January 1990, including NSSM launch and air-to-air missile shoots (MISSELEX) in the vicinity of Diego Garcia from 4 to 8 January 1990, followed by a five event fly day on 13 February 1990, continuing crossdecking personnel and conducted WASEX against USS Long Beach (CGN-9) (ex-CGN-160, CLGN-160) and Earnest Will exercises.  Operational Reactor Safeguards Examination (ORSE) Team will inspect the ship’s reactors.

 

Ports of call include:

 

CVW-11 Squadrons include: VF-114, Aardvarks, Fighter Squadron, Grumman, F-14A Tomcat, Jet Fighter; VF-213, Black Lions, Fighter Squadron, Grumman,  F-14A Tomcat, Jet Fighter: VA-22 (*1), Fighting Redcocks, Attack Squadron, Vought, A-7E, Corsair II , Jet Attack Aircraft; VA-94 (*2), Shrikes, Attack Squadron, Vought, A-7E Corsair II, Jet Attack Aircraft; VA-95, Green Lizards, Attack Squadron, Grumman, A-6E / KA-6D Intruder, Jet Attack Bomber, Tanker; VAW-117, Wallbangers, Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron, Grumman, E-2C Hawkeye, Electronics; VAQ-135, Black Ravens, Tactical Electronics Warfare Squadron, Grumman, EA-6B Prowler, Jet Attack Bomber - Special electronic installation; HS-6, Indians, Helicopter Anti-Submarine Squadron, Sikorsky, SH-3H Sea King - Anti-submarine and VS-21, Redtails, Air Anti-Submarine Squadron, Lockheed, S-3A Viking - Anti-Submarine. (*1) VA-22 redesignated VFA-22 on May 4, 1990 and (*2) VA-94 redesignated VFA-94 on Jun.28, 1990.

USS Enterprise (CVN-65) with CVW-11 embarked departed Alameda, California 17 September 1989, embarking CVW-11 operating out of her assigned home base in Calif., she will under go her third World cruise, her 11th Indian Ocean voyage and tour of duty with the 7th Fleet, she will under go Operation Classic Resolve, she will transit the Suez canal a second time via her fourth voyage in the Arabian Sea and second Gulf of Aden and Red Sea voyage, en route to Norfolk, Virginia via the Mediterranean Sea, on her fifth Mediterranean Sea voyage in which three were deployments and home port transfer

Persian Gulf, arm of the Arabian Sea, 90,000 sq mi (233,100 sq km), between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran, extends c.600 mi (970 km) from the Shatt al Arab delta to the Strait of Hormuz, which links it with the Gulf of Oman

(Ref. U. S. Navy Deployment History Resources)

 

The US Navy's 1990 Pacific Fleet and Seventh Fleet Aircraft Carriers deployments and carriers from both West and East coast operating under the direction of the U.S. Naval Forces Central Command, with the Commander, 7th Fleet, serving as naval component commander for Central Command, with Operation Desert Shield commencing 2 August 1990 (Iraqi occupation of Kuwait) are as follows:

 

AIRCRAFT CARRIER

DEP

 AIR WING

TAIL CODE

DEPART

RETURN

Days at Sea

USS Midway (CV-41) – 7th (41st  Forward Deployed)

45th WestPac

CVW-5

 

NF

25 Jan 1990

6 Apr 1990

Western Pacific

92-days

Ports of calls include: Hong Kong, situated on China's south coast and, enclosed by the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea; Subic Bay, Republic of Philippines, U.S. Naval Base Subic Bay, a bay forming part of Luzon Sea on the west coast of the island of Luzon in Zambales, Philippines, about 100 kilometers northwest of Manila Bay and is a major ship-repair, supply, and rest and recreation facility of the United States Navy located in Olongapo, Zambales, Philippines; Phattaya Beach, a city in Thailand, a beach resort popular with tourists and expatriates. It is located on the east coast of the Gulf of Thailand, about 165 km southeast of Bangkok within but not part of Amphoe Bang Lamung (Banglamung) in the province of Chonburi;  and Sasebo, a city in Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan.

 

Commander, Battle Force Seventh Fleet (CTF-70), Carrier Strike Force Seventh Fleet (CTF-77), Surface Combatant Force, Seventh Fleet (Task Force 75) & Carrier Group Five, Commander DESRON 15 and Commander, Carrier Air Wing Five (CVW-5) embarked Midway.

 

Squadrons: VFA-195, FA-18A; VFA-151, FA-18A; VFA-192, FA-18A; VA-185, A-6E / A6-E/KA-6D / *A-6E TRAM/KA-6D; VA-115, A-6E / A6-E/KA-6D / *A-6E TRAM/KA-6D; VAW-115, E-2C; VAQ-136, EA-6B and HS-12, SH-3H. *AN/AAS-33 TRAM (Target Recognition and Attack, Multi-Sensor system.

USS Carl Vinson       (CVN-70) Pacific Fleet, 7th & Central Command

(3rd North Arabian Sea dep.)

4th WestPac

off eastern Korea

Strait of Tsushima

South China Sea

Strait of Malacca

4th Indian Ocean

North Arabian Sea

Indian Ocean

Lombok Strait

Sibutu Passage–between the Sulu Archipelago and Borneo–northbound

CVW-15

NL

1 Feb 1990

31 July 1990

Western Pacific

Indian Ocean

Middle East

181-days

 

Tour of duty with the 7th Fleet in the Far East

Carrier Qualifications in Southern California operating areas and participated in ReadiEx 89-5B en route to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii waters; Phase 1 & 2  of Team Spirit 90 in Korean waters, providing air support for amphibious landings, low level strikes, jamming support and air-to-air combat training; Merlion 90 with Singaporean forces, on her fourth Indian Ocean, participating in HarpoonEx and Sea Slam 90, on her third North Arabian Sea deployment and tour of duty with the 7th Fleet in the Far East, conducting a passing exercise with the Royal Australian Navy.

 

Ports of call include: Pearl Harbor, Hi; Sasebo, Japan; Singapore; anchored at Diego Garcia; anchored off Masirah twice; Fremantle, Australia.

 

Squadrons: VF-51, F-14A; VF-111, F-14A; VA-97 (*1), A-7E; VA-27 (*2), A-7E; VA-52, A-6E / KA-6D; VAW-114, E-2C; VAQ-134, EA-6B; HS-4, SH-3H; VS-29, S-3A and VQ-1 Det. C, EA-3B and VRC-50 Det. 70, C2A.

                                  

(*1) redesignated VFA-97 on Jan.24, 1991 and (*2) redesignated VFA-27 on Jan.24, 1991.

RADM Wright relieving RADM March on board on 7 June 1990 and CVW-15 operating out of her home port at Naval Air Station Lemoore.

 

USS Truxtun (CGN-35) joined USS Carl Vinson (CVN-70) with DESRON Nine ships as part of her task force.

*USS Constellation (CV-64) - 3rd & 2nd

EastPac

SoPac          Cape Horn SoLant

WestLant

CVW-9

NG

12 Feb 1990

Apr 1990

South America

49 est.-days

Home port transfer to the East Coast for a $800-million, three-year Service Life Extension Program (SLEP) at the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, Pa., via Norfolk, Va.

 

Ports of call include:

 

Squadrons: VF-74, F-14B; VA-35, A-6E / KA-6D; VAW-125, E-2C; VAQ-132, EA-6B; VS-30, S-3B; VRC-40 Det., C-2A; HC-16 Det., SH-3H.

 

*Redesignated VFA.

USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN-69) 2nd, 6th & 7th

NorLant

6th Med

1st Suez Canal

Red Sea

1st ODS

2nd Indian Ocean

1st MIO        2nd IO

2nd Suez Canal

Med

NorLant

CVW-7

AG

8 Mar 1990

12 Sep 1990

Europe

Middle East

Iraqi invades Kuwait

12th FWFD

189-days

Ike Centennial Cruise

1st Operation Desert Shield to deter Iraqi aggression, operating under operational control of U.S. Naval Forces Central Command, commencing on 2 August 1990

(Iraqi occupation of Kuwait). Participating with USS Forrestal (CV-59) in maritime threat scenarios as part of National Week 90B, Joint Exercise Distant Thunder 90-1 with British and Turkish forces from 14 to 21 April 1990. Tomcats and Hornets flew dissimilar air combat training against British Panavia GR, Dragon Hammer 90, consisting of combined operations, coordinated air defense, and maritime and amphibious training, pitting her Tomcats against British Tornados, French and Spanish Mirages and Spanish Harrier, Journey to Victory, a commemoration of the Allied landings in Normandy from 2 to 6 June 1990, National Week 90, Operation Spellex, forming five stars and the numbers 1890–1990 in honor of the centennial celebration of President Eisenhower's birth on 17 March 1990, on her first Red Sea deployment in support of her 1st Operation Desert Shield, in retaliation of Iraqi occupation of Kuwait on 2 August 1990, when the largest armada since World War II assembled in the Gulf in support of Operation Desert Shield and Maritime Interception Operations (MIO) to enforce UN Security Council Resolution 51, which imposed an embargo upon ships entering or leaving Iraqi-occupied Kuwaiti and Iraqi ports. Ike served as a ready striking force in the event Iraq invaded Saudi Arabia, and will participate in maritime interception operations in support of a United Nations embargo against Iraq, becoming the first carrier to conduct sustained operations in the Red Sea and Indian Ocean, the only the second nuclear-powered aircraft carrier ever to transit the Suez Canal.

 

Ports of call included: Haifa, Israel and Augusta Bay.

 

Squadrons: VF-143, Pukin' Dogs, Fighter Squadron, F-14B; VF-142, Ghostriders, Fighter Squadron, F-14B; VA-46, Clansmen, Attack Squadron, FA-18A; VA-72, Blue Hawks, Attack Squadron, FA-18A; VA-34, Blue Blasters, Attack Squadron, A-6E / A6-E/KA-6D; VAW-121, Bluetails, Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron, E-2C; VAQ-140, Tactical Electronics Warfare Squadron, EA-6B; HS-5, Night Dippers, Helicopter Anti-Submarine Squadron, SH-3H and VS-31, Top Cats, Air Anti-Submarine Squadron, S-3B.

 

USS Ticonderoga (CG-47); USS Peterson (DD-969) and USS Oklahoma City (SSN-723) joined USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN-69) as part of her task force.

USS Independence (CV-62) – 7th

7th & Central Command

(2nd North Arabian Sea & 1st Persian Gulf)

2nd WestPac

4th IO

 

CVW-14

NK

23 Jun 1990

20 Dec 1990

Middle East

Indian Ocean

North Arabian Sea

Persian Gulf

1st Iraq War

181-days

1st Operation Desert Shield to deter Iraqi aggression, operating under operational control of U.S. Naval Forces Central Command, becoming the first carrier to enter the Arabian/Persian Gulf since 1974.

 

Ports of call included: Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, Subic Bay, Republic of Philippines, mooring at Leyte Pier, NAS Cubi Point, a bay forming part of Luzon Sea on the west coast of the island of Luzon in Zambales, Philippines, about 100 kilometers northwest of Manila Bay; Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a southeast Asian city-state off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, 137 kilometres (85 mi) north of the equator (An island country made up of 63 islands, it is separated from Malaysia by the Straits of Johor to its north and from Indonesia's Riau Islands by the Singapore Strait to its south) and anchored at Hong Kong, situated on China's south coast and, enclosed by the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea.

 

Squadrons: VF-154, F-14A; VF-21, F-14A; VFA-113, F/A-18A; VFA-25, F/A-18A; VA-196, A-6E; VAW-113, E-2C; VAQ-139, EA-6B; HS-8 SH-3H; and VS-37, S-3A.

 

Commander Carrier Group One, Rear Admiral, Jerry L. Unruh, DESRON 23, Captain William Schmidt and CVW-14 embarked, with Captain Thomas Stafford Slater, AOC 1962, as Commanding Officer and Captain Kevin G. Bixler as Executive Officer.

USS Saratoga (CV-60) – 2nd, 6th, 7th & NAVCENT

(1st Arabian Sea and Persian Gulf)

3rd & 4th Red Sea, Gulf of Aden and Suez Canal x2

CVW-17

AA

7 Aug 1990

27 Mar 1991

Europe

Middle East

1st Iraq War

Persian Gulf

189-days

1st Operation Desert Shield and 1st Operation Desert Storm, commencing in the early morning hours of 17 January 1991, with Operation Desert Shield commencing on 2 August 1990 (Iraqi occupation of Kuwait).

 

Ports of call include:

 

Squadrons: VF-74, F-14B; VF-103, F-14B; VFA-83, FA-18C; VFA-81, FA-18C; VA-35, A-6E/KA-6D; VAW-125, E-2C; VAQ-132, EA-6B; HS-3, SH-3H and VS-30, S-3B.

*USS John F. Kennedy     (CV-67) – 2nd, 6th & Central Command (1st Persian Gulf & 2nd  & 3rd North Arabian Sea)

 

Lant

13th Med       3rd Suez Canal

3rd Red Sea

4th Suez Canal  Med

5th Suez Canal

5th Red Sea 3rd Gulf of Aden

2nd North Arabian Sea Gulf of Oman

Strait of Hormuz

1st Persian Gulf

Strait of Hormuz

Gulf of Oman 3rd North Arabian Sea

4th Gulf of Aden

6th Red Sea

6th Suez Canal

Med

Lant

CVW-3

AC

15 Aug 1990

28 Mar 1991

Europe

Middle Eaast

17th FWFD

224-days

 

National Week ’90 Exercises, 1st Operation Desert Shield and 1st Operation Desert Storm, commencing in the early morning hours of 17 January 1991, with Operation Desert Shield commencing on 2 August 1990 (Iraqi occupation of Kuwait).

 

 

 

Ports of call includes: Alexandria, Egypt; Izmir, Turkey; Antalya, Turkey; Jeddah, Saudi Aabia and Hurgada, Egypt.

 

Squadrons: VF-14 (F-14A); VF-32 (F-14A); VA-46 (A-7E); VA-72 (A-7E); VA-75 (A-6E and KA-6D); VAW-126 (E-2C); VAQ-130 (EA-6B); VS-22 (S-3B) and HS-7 (SH-3H).

 

USS South Carolina (CGN-37); USS Mississippi (CGN-40); USS Thomas S. Gates (CG-51) and USS Thomas C. Hart (FF-1092).

USS Abraham Lincoln        (CVN-72) – 2nd & Pacific Fleet

Solant

SoPac

Cape Horn

EastPac

CVW-11

NH

25 Sep 1990

20 Nov 1990

South America

West Coast Transfer

Training Ops

57-days

Home Port Transfer to the West Coast

CVW-11 MISSILEX, CVW-11 Cyclic OPS in the Puerto Rican Operations Area and Blue Sky III in the Chilean waters, an exercise with the Chileans.

 

Ports of call: St. Thomas, Virgin Islands; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Singapore and Valparaíso, Chile

 

Guided missile frigate USS Doyle (FFG-39) accompanied USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN-72) as part of her escort on its maiden voyage, riding it around South America en route to its new homeport in Naval Air Station, Alameda, California, while Carrier Air Wing Eleven embarked the Navy's newest carrier, making her homeport at Naval Air Station Lemoore” (Ref. 514 or Global Security).

 

Squadrons: VF-114, F-14A; VF-213, F-14A; VFA-303, F/A-18A; VFA-305, F/A-18A; VA-95, A-6E / KA-6D; VAW-117, E-2C; HS-17 (*1), SH-3H; VAQ-135, EA-6B and VRC-30 Det., C-2A.

 

(*1) disestablished on Jun.30, 1991.

 

Carrier Air Wing Eleven underwent major changes in 1990. A-7E's were replaced by F/A-18 Hornets, and SH-3's were replaced with SH-60 Sea Hawks specially configured for combat search and rescue. The E-2C and the A-6E underwent major upgrades. F/A-18 Hornet, F-14 Tomcat, EA-6B Prowler, S-3 Viking and E-2C Hawkeye.

 

In September 1990, USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN-72) departed Norfolk, Virginia, en route Alameda, California, and assignment to the Pacific Fleet. The embarked air wing was composed of aircraft from CVW-8, CVW-11 and CVWR-30 (approximately 60 total aircraft, making up CVW-11, transiting to Alameda, California with CVW-11 embarked, Carrier Qualifications off the Virginia capes (VACAPES) was  conducted. Governor of Illinois visited on the 25th and 26th.

USS Carl Vinson       (CVN-70) Pacific Fleet

EastPac

 

 

15 Sep 1990

22 Sep 1990

Change of Home Port Transit

8-days

Carl Vinson shifted home ports from Alameda to Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Wash. from 15 to 22 September 1990, during Project Noah’s Ark, for a Complex Overhaul (COH) (effective 14 September). En route, she moored at Naval Weapons Station, Indian Island, Wash., to off-load 2,900 tons of ammunition (17-22 September). Project Noah’s Ark moved dependents and personal property including vehicles that crowded the flight deck, and gave family members a glimpse of life on board. The ship moored to Pier 3 upon arriving at Bremerton.

USS Midway (CV-41) – 7th & NAVCENT (6th North Arabian Sea & 4th Arabian / Persian Gulf) (42nd  Forward Deployed)

46th WestPac 25th  SCS

12th IO

CVW-5

NF

2 Oct 1990

17 Apr 1991

Western Pacific

Indian Ocean

Middle East

North Arabian Sea Persian Gulf

198-days

1st Operation Desert Shield to deter Iraqi aggression, operating under operational control of U.S. Naval Forces Central Command, becoming the first carrier to enter the Arabian/Persian Gulf since 1974, Operation Imminent Thunder and 1st Operation Desert Storm commencing in the early morning hours of 17 January 1991.

 

Ports of calls include: Abu Dhabi, U.A.E., the capital and the second largest city of the United Arab Emirates in terms of population and the largest of the seven member emirates of the United Arab Emirates.

 

Commander, Battle Force Seventh Fleet (CTF-70), Carrier Strike Force Seventh Fleet (CTF-77), Surface Combatant Force, Seventh Fleet (Task Force 75) & Carrier Group Five, Commander DESRON 15 and Commander, Carrier Air Wing Five (CVW-5) embarked Midway.

 

“In the leadup to the Gulf War, Rear Admiral Daniel P. March, Commander, Carrier Group Five, became commander, Task Force 154 (Battle Force Zulu), part of Naval Forces Central Command. The Task Force directed four carriers (USS Midway (CV-41), CV-61, CV-66, and CVN-71) in the Arabian Sea/Persian Gulf during Operation Desert Storm (Ref. [7] of 1093).

 

Squadrons: VFA-195, FA-18A; VFA-151, FA-18A; VFA-192, FA-18A; VA-185, A-6E / A6-E/KA-6D / *A-6E TRAM/KA-6D; VA-115, A-6E / A6-E/KA-6D / *A-6E TRAM/KA-6D; VAW-115, E-2C; VAQ-136, EA-6B and HS-12, SH-3H. *AN/AAS-33 TRAM (Target Recognition and Attack, Multi-Sensor system.

USS Ranger (CV-61) – 3rd, 7th & Central Command (2nd North Arabian Sea & 1st Arabian / Persian Gulf)

22nd WestPac

8th IO

CVW-2

NE

8 Dec 1990

8 Jun 1991

Western Pacific

Middle East

1st Iraq War

183-days

1st Operation Desert Shield, 1st Operation Desert Storm and Maritime Interception Operations in support of United Nations sanctions against Iraq.

 

Ports of call included: Pearl Harbor, Hi.; Subic Bay, Republic of the Philippines; Abu Dhabi, U.A.E.; Pattaya, Thailand and Hong Kong.

 

Squadrons: VF-1, F-14A; VF-2, F-14A; VA-155, A-6E; VA-145, A-6E / KA-6D; VAW-116, E-2C; VAQ-131, EA-6B; HS-14, SH-3H and VS-38, S-3A and VRC-50 Det., C-2A; reclassified to CV-61 on 30 June 1975; made seven Vietnam Combat cruises during the Vietnam Conflict/War, earning 13 battle stars for service in Vietnam.

 

USS Princeton (CG-59); USS Valley Forge (CG-50); USS Paul F. Foster (DD-964); USS Harry W. Hill (DD-986); USS Francis Hammond (FF-1067); USS Kansas City (AOR-3) and USS Shasta (AE-33) was part of USS Ranger (CVA-41) task force.

USS America (CV-66) – 2nd, 6th, 7th & NAVCENT

(1st Arabian / Persian Gulf dep. and 9th & 10th Red Sea,

Gulf of Aden & Arabian Sea voy.)

NorLant

14th Med

9th Suez Canal

1st Red Sea

10th Suez Canal

Med

NorLant

CVW-1

AB

28 Dec 1990

18 Apr 1991

Europe

Middle East

1st Iraq War

Persian Gulf

112-days

1st Operation Desert Shield and 1st Operation Desert Storm, commencing in the early morning hours of 17 January 1991, with Operation Desert Shield commencing on 2 August 1990 (Iraqi occupation of Kuwait).

 

Ports visited not reported.

 

Squadrons: VF-102, F-14A; VF-33, F-14A; VFA-82, FA-18C; VFA-86, FA-18C; VA-85, A-6E / KA-6D; VAW-123, E-2C; HS-11, SH-3H; VAQ-137, EA-6B and VS-32, S-3B.

 

USS Normandy (CG-60) was part of USS America (CV-66) battle group.

*USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71) 2nd, 6th & Central Command                (1st Arabian

/ Persian Gulf dep.) (1st & 2nd Red Sea & Gulf of Aden)

NoLant

2nd Med

1st Suez Canal

1st Red Sea

1st ODS/Storm

OPC

2nd Suez Canal

NoLant

CVW-8

AJ

28 Dec 1990

28 Jun 1991

Europe

Middle East

1st Iraq War

3rd FWFD

212-days

1st Operation Desert Shield, 1st Operation Provide Comfort, a military operation by the United States, starting in 1990, to defend Kurds fleeing their homes in northern Iraq in the aftermath of the Persian Gulf War and 1st Operation Desert Storm, commencing in the early morning hours of 17 January 1991 until 27 February 1992, when President George Bush declared Kuwait had been liberated and Operation Desert Storm would end at midnight) and Operation Desert Shield commencing 2 August 1990 (Iraqi occupation of Kuwait)

 

Ports visited not reported. Dubai, U.A.E.; Haifa, Israel and Rhodes, Greece.

 

Squadrons: VF-41, F-14A; VF-84, F-14A; VFA-15, FA-18A; VFA-87, FA-18A; VA-65 (*1), A-6E; VA-36, A-6E; VAW-124, E-2C; HS-9, SH-3H; VAQ-141, EA-6B; VS-24, S-3B and VRC-40 Det., C-2A.

 

(*1) VA-65 disestablished on Mar. 31, 1993.

 

USS Richmond K. Turner (CG-20) joined USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71) as part of her task force.

*East Coast = Red Sea deployment through the Suez Canal

USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN-72) with CVW-11 embarked departed Norfolk, Virginia in September 1990, making an inter fleet transfer from the Atlantic to the Pacific Fleet, steaming through the Western & South Atlantic operating with the United States Atlantic Command (Atlantic Fleet) under the direction of the 2nd Fleet around South America & Cape Horn traveling in the Eastern Pacific to her new home port of Everett, Washington

USS Constellation (CV-64) with CVW-9 embarked departed San Diego, Calif. 13 February 1990, on her home port transfer steaming to South Pacific via Cape Horn through the South Atlantic to the east coast for a three-year overhaul at the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, Pa., via Norfolk, Va.;

Persian Gulf, arm of the Arabian Sea, 90,000 sq mi (233,100 sq km), between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran, extends c.600 mi (970 km) from the Shatt al Arab delta to the Strait of Hormuz, which links it with the Gulf of Oman

1st Operation Desert Shield to deter Iraqi aggression, operating under operational control of U.S. Naval Forces Central Command, with USS Midway (CVA-41) becoming the first carrier to enter the Arabian/Persian Gulf since 1974, Operation Imminent Thunder and 1st Operation Desert Storm commencing in the early morning hours of 17 January 1991, when Operation Desert Shield commencing 2 August 1990 (Iraqi occupation of Kuwait) became Operation Desert Storm, at which time the U. S. Navy launched 228 sorties from USS Ranger (CV-61) and Midway in the Persian Gulf, from USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71) en route to the Gulf, and from USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67), USS Saratoga (CV-60), and USS America (CV-66) in the Red Sea (the Navy launched more than 100 Tomahawk missiles from nine ships in the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, and the Persian Gulf), continuing operations until Desert Storm officially ended 27 February, operating under operational control of the U.S. Naval Forces Central Command, operational control extending to the Indian Ocean. Midway’s aircraft joined those of the other carriers in flying combat air patrol, strike, reconnaissance, and rescue missions. The campaign was over in six weeks.

(Ref. U. S. Navy Deployment History Resources)

 

    USS Enterprise (CVN-65) Deck Department started the new year with a change in upper management. LT Severio Sagliocco was relieved by LT John Figuerres as Assistant First Lieutenant. During January, Enterprise and Battle Group Foxtrot conducted extensive battle group operations. Deck Department safely conducted numerous underway replenishments (UNREPS) for fuel, ammunition and provisions. Training evolutions included man overboard exercises and an emergency break away” (Ref. 329B-1990).

 

    Throughout the holiday season, USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67) loaded supplies and prepared for deployment to the Caribbean Sea, expecting to engage in counter-narcotic operations off Colombia immediately following the turn of the New Year”  (Ref. 549).     

 

    USS Enterprise (CVN-65) conducted UNREP with USS Wichita (AOR-1) taking on 760 KGAL JP-5 on 3 January 1990” (Ref. 329B-1990).

 

    USS Enterprise (CVN-65) was underway, en route to Diego Garcia from the NICOB Straits from 1 to 3 January 1990” (Ref. 329B-1990).

 

    Rear Admiral Strasser, CCDG 3 departs USS Enterprise (CVN-65) flying ashore en route to Diego Garcia on 3 January 1990” (Ref. 329B-1990 & 362F).

 

    USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67) began operations for the new year on 4 January 1990, but she had not been underway for more than a week when her deployment plans changed, Caribbean Sea anti-drug detection and monitoring operations being postponed indefinitely because of what HS-7’s historian termed “international and regional sensitivities.” She conducted advanced phase exercises under CarGru 4” (Ref. 549).

 

    USS Enterprise (CVN-65) conducted UNREP with USNS Ponchatoula (TAO-148) taking on 515 KGAL JP-5 on 7 January 1990” (Ref. 329B-1990).

 

    Battle Week exercises and or Weapons Week, WASEX, STRIKEX, SAREX, ACM, SINKEX, BANNEREX, highlighted early-to-mid January 1990, including NSSM launch and air-to-air missile shoots (MISSELEX) in the vicinity of Diego Garcia from 4 to 8 January 1990 conducted by USS Enterprise (CVN-65)” (Ref. 329B-1990 & 362F).

 

    CTF 70 arrives aboard USS Enterprise (CVN-65) near the vicinity of Diego Garcia, on 8 January 1990” (Ref. 329B-1990).

 

    USS Enterprise (CVN-65) conducted UNREP with USS Niagara Falls (AFS-3) taking on 22 PALLETS on 9 January 1990” (Ref. 329B-1990).

 

    Battle Week exercises and or Weapons Week events were extended through the morning of 9 January 1990. USS Enterprise (CVN-65) came about that afternoon for the North Arabian Sea (NAS) on 9 January 1990, with CTF 70 embarked” (Ref. 329B-1990).

 

    USS Enterprise (CVN-65) crossed the equator on 10 January 1990, conducting "crossing the line" ceremony, cleansing the ship of 2,800 filthy slimy, pollywogs, conducting FON OPS in waters off Maldives Islands (Indian Territories). Vigorous training became common place while on-station in the Indian Ocean” (Ref. 329B-1990 & 362F).

 

    USS Enterprise (CVN-65) chopped to Commander Joint Task Force Middle East (CJTFME) from 11 to 12 January 1990” (Ref. 329B-1990).).

 

    USS Enterprise (CVN-65) conducted UNREP with USS Wichita (AOR-1) taking on 565 KGAL JP-5 on 13 January 1990” (Ref. 329B-1990).

 

     “USS Enterprise (CVN-65) hosted a visit by U.S. Ambassador to Bahrain Charles Warren Hostler on 14 January 1990” (Ref. 362F).

 

     “USS Enterprise (CVN-65) launched 2 Tomcats DL1” to intercept an Iranian P-3F on 15 January 1990” (Ref. 329B-1990).

 

    “USS Wichita (AOR-1) resupplied from C-141 out of al Masirah Airhead on 16 January 1990” (Ref. 329B-1990).

 

    “CCDG 3 returns to USS Enterprise (CVN-65) and CTF 70 departs’ on 16 January 1990” (Ref. 329B-1990).

 

    “On 16 January 1990, USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67) moored at Mayport, and there hosted the change of command ceremony in which Rear Admiral Richard C. Macke relieved Rear Admiral William A. Dougherty, Jr., as ComCarGru 4 and Commander, Carrier Striking Force” (Ref. 549).

 

    “Rear Admiral Strasser returned to USS Enterprise (CVN-65) on 16 January 1990, after a visit at Diego Garcia from 3 to 16 January 1990” (Ref. 362F).

 

    “USS Enterprise (CVN-65) conducted UNREP with USS Niagara Falls (AFS-3) taking on 127 PALLETS and with USS Wichita (AOR-1) taking on 580 KGAL JP-5 on 18 January 1990” (Ref. 329B-1990).

 

    “Visited by RADM Fogarty visited USS Enterprise (CVN-65) on 19 January 1990” (Ref. 329B-1990).

 

    “USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN-72) with CVW-8 embarked departed Naval Station, Norfolk, Virginia 19 January 1990, with

Captain William B. Hayden as the Commanding Officer, on her second Atlantic deployment, operating with the U.S. Atlantic

Command (USLANTCOM) (Atlantic Fleet) under the direction of the 2nd Fleet, extending operations in the Caribbean Sea, on her

2nd Shakedown Cruise, for Cyclic Operations and Carrier Qualifications, CSQT structure test firing, CSQT missile exercise,

FORACS noise measurement in the Puerto Rican OPAREA, NATO Sea Sparrow Missile System certification and established first

logistics mobile beach detachment to support command's first REFTRA in the Caribbean Sea from NAS Jacksonville, Fla. to NAS

Roosevelt Roads, P.R., and back to NAS Jacksonville,.operating with the United States Atlantic Command (Atlantic Fleet) under the

direction of the 2nd Fleet” (Ref. 72, 76, 84A, 377, 378A & 378B-1990).

 

USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN-72) with CVW-8 (AJ)

(19 January to 23 February 1990)

SQUADRON

SQUADRON NICK NAME & PRIMARY

ROLE

AIRCRAFT DESIGN

NICK NAME &

PRIMARY ROLE

TAIL

CODE

Modex

AIRCRAFT

DESIGNATION

VF-41

Black Aces -

Fighter Squadron

Grumman - Tomcat -    Jet Fighter

AJ100

F-14A

VF-84

Jolly Rogers -

Fighter Squadron

Grumman - Tomcat -    Jet Fighter

AJ200

F-14A

VFA-15

Valions - Strike

Fighter Squadron

McDonnell-Douglas - Hornet -

Jet Strike Fighter

AJ300

F/A-18A

VFA-87

Golden Warriors -

Strike Fighter Squadron

McDonnell-Douglas - Hornet -

Jet Strike Fighter

AJ400

F/A-18A

VA-65

Tigers - Attack Squadron

Grumman - Intruder -

Jet Attack Bomber

AJ500

A-6E

VA-36

Roadrunners  -

Attack Squadron

Grumman - Intruder -

Jet Attack Bomber

530

A-6E

VAW-124

Bear Aces  -

Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron

Grumman - Hawkeye - Electronics

600

E-2C

HS-9

Sea Griffins - Helicopter Anti-Submarine Squadron

Sikorsky - Sea King - Anti-submarine

610

SH-3H

VAQ-141

Shadowhawks -

Tactical Electronics Warfare Squadron

Grumman - Prowler       Jet Attack Bomber - Special electronic installation

620

EA-6B

VAQ-141

Shadowhawks -

Tactical Electronics Warfare Squadron

Grumman - Prowler       Jet Attack Bomber - Special electronic installation

620

EA-6B

VS-24

Scouts - Air Anti-Submarine Squadron

Lockheed - Viking - Anti-Submarine

700

S-3B

VRC-40 Det.

Rawhides - Fleet

Logistics Support Squadron

Grumman - Greyhound

xx

C-2A

F/A-18 Hornet, F-14 Tomcat, EA-6B Prowler, S-3 Viking and E-2C Hawkeye

 

     “Aircraft from Fighter Squadron VF-41 and VF-84, Strike Fighter Squadron VFA-15 and VFA-87, Attack Squadrons VA-36 and VA-65, Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron VAW-124, Air Antisubmarine Squadron VS-24, Helicopter Anti-Submarine Squadron (HS-9), Tactical Electronics Warfare Squadron VAQ-141 and Fleet Logistics Support Squadron VRC-40 Det. make up CVW-8” (Ref. 378A).

 

    “USS Wichita (AOR-1) resupplied from C-141 out of al Masirah Airhead on 20 January 1990” (Ref. 329B-1990).

 

    “USS Enterprise (CVN-65) conducted UNREP with USS Wichita (AOR-1) taking on 390 KGAL JP-5 on 21 January 1990” (Ref. 329B-1990).

 

     “USS Carl Vinson (CVN-70) conducted its Fast Cruise on 26 January 1990” (Ref. 376A/1990).

 

    “USS Enterprise (CVN-65) crossed the Gulf of Oman from the Indian Ocean to the Gulf of Hormuz on 22 January 1990, to conduct a four hour exercise Earnest Will, supported by USAF Boeing KC-10 Extender flying simultaneous TARPS reconnaissance missions. In the high traffic area of the Gulf of Oman, the Electronic Warfare (EW) Moclule was the primary means of identifying the many commercial aircraft that continually transited the strain. The Battle Group EW Coordinator relied heavily upon the skill, knowledge and experience of the Enterprise EW Module” (Ref. 329B-1990).

 

    “USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67) left Mayport on 23 January 1990 for more advance phase training” (Ref. 549).

 

    USS Enterprise (CVN-65) conducted a four hour exercise Earnest Will exercise in the in Gulf of Hormuz on 23 January 1990, supported by USAF Boeing KC-10 Extender flying simultaneous RECCE TARPS reconnaissance missions. Diplomatic clearance cancelled for al Masirah Airhead by Omanis, no reason given. Without the use of radar, the Electronic Warfare (EW) Moclule systems on board USS Enterprise (CVN-65) were the only means to track the movement of Soviet reconnaissance aircraft. The module played a key role in detecting and identifying virtually all military and civilian aircraft and the primary means of identifying both Iranian RECCE reconnaissance planes, and the many commercial aircraft continually transiting the skies in the area were tracked during "Earnest Will" escort operations” (Ref. 329B-1990 & 362F).

 

    USS Enterprise (CVN-65) conducted UNREP with USS Wichita (AOR-1) taking on 275 KGAL JP-5 and 165 PALLETS on 24 January 1990, returning to the North Arabian Sea via Gulf of Oman” (Ref. 329B-1990).

 

     “USS Midway (CV-41) with Commander, Carrier Air Wing Five (CVW-5) embarked conducted Fleet Activities Yokosuka, Japan (NAF Atsugi, Japan) from 11 December 1989 to 25 January 1990” (Ref. 72).

 

     “USS Midway (CV-41) with Commander, Battle Force Seventh Fleet (CTF-70), Carrier Strike Force Seventh Fleet (CTF-77), Surface Combatant Force, Seventh Fleet (Task Force 75) & Carrier Group Five, Commander DESRON 15 and Commander, Carrier Air Wing Five (CVW-5) embarked departed Yokosuka, Japan (NAF Atsugi, Japan) 25 January 1990, with Captain Bernard John Smith, NAVCAD, as Commanding Officer and Captain S. P. Hannifin, as Executive Officer, on her 45th WestPac and her 41st deployment as the U. S. Navy’s forward-deployed carrier operating with the 7th Fleet; redesignated CV-41, reclassifying a Multi-Purpose aircraft carrier on 30 June 1975. She will under go her 44th deployment since her second recommission on 31 January 1970, following completion of a four-year conversion-modernization at the San Francisco Bay Naval Shipyard, arriving on 11 February 1966, ending the year of 1965 upon arrival from her sixth “WestPac” deployment operating with the Pacific Fleet and tour of duty with the 7th Fleet, on her first Vietnam Combat Cruise in the Far East; making three Vietnam Combat Cruises operating with the 7th Fleet during the Vietnam Conflict/War; ending her eighth “WestPac” deployment operating with the Pacific Fleet and tour of duty with the 7th Fleet, on her third South China Sea deployment, her third Vietnam Combat Cruise in the Far East. She will under go her 50th deployment since her first recommission upon completion of SCB-110 (August 1955 to 30 September 1957), decommissioning in August 1955 upon completion of her World Cruise for a five month SCB-110 modernization that included new innovations such as an enclosed bow and an angled flight deck to be installed at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton Washington; redesignated CVA-41 on 1 October 1952. She will under go her 63rd Foreign Water Fleet Deployment (FWFD) since her commission 10 September 1945, having the destination of being the lead ship of her class, and the first to be commissioned after the end of lead ship of her class, and the first to be commissioned after the end of World War II” (Ref. 1-Midway & 72).

 

USS Midway (CV-41) with CVW-5 (NF)

(25 January to 6 April 1990)

Hull No. /

Fleet

Foreign Water Fleet

Deployment

 Air Wing

Tail

Code

Depart

Return

Days at Sea

Fleet D. No.

USS Midway (CV-41) – 7th (41st  Forward Deployed)

45th WestPac

CVW-5

 

NF

25 Jan 1990

6 Apr 1990

Western Pacific

63rd FWFD

92-days

 

SQUADRON

SQUADRON NICK NAME & PRIMARY

ROLE

AIRCRAFT DESIGN

NICK NAME &

PRIMARY ROLE

TAIL

CODE

Modex

AIRCRAFT

DESIGNATION

VFA-195

 

Dambusters -                 Strike Fighter Squadron

McDonnell-Douglas - Hornet

Jet Strike Fighter

NF100

F/A-18A

VFA-151

Vigilantes -                   Strike Fighter Squadron

McDonnell-Douglas - Hornet

Jet Strike Fighter

NF200

F/A-18A

VFA-192

 

Golden Dragons -         Strike Fighter Squadron

McDonnell-Douglas - Hornet

Jet Strike Fighter

NF300

F/A-18A

VA-185

 

Nighthawks -                    Attack Squadron

Grumman - Intruder -    Jet Attack Bomber - Tanker

TRAM/KA-6D

NF400

A-6E  /

A6-E/KA-6D

VA-115

 

Eagles -                    Attack Squadron

Grumman - Intruder - Jet Attack Bomber - Tanker
TRAM/KA-6D

NF500

A-6E  /

A6-E/KA-6D

VAW-115

 

Liberty Bells -               Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron

Grumman - Hawkeye - Electronics

600-603

E-2C

VAQ-136

 

Gauntlets - Tactical Electronics Warfare Squadron

Grumman - Prowler -      Jet Attack Bomber - Special electronic installation

604-607

EA-6B

HS-12

 

Wyverns - Helicopter Anti-Submarine Squadron

Sikorsky - Sea King -Anti-submarine

610

SH-3H

*AN/AAS-33 TRAM (Target Recognition and Attack, Multi-Sensor system

VAQ-136 was awarded the Battle “E” – Ref. 1080L

 

    Although conducting reduced flight operations, USS Enterprise (CVN-65) remained alert, postponed by alert DL1, a status demonstrated impressively as the ship attempted to have a “steel beach” picnic on 25 January 1990. Detecting a plane flying south out of Iran, approaching the carrier on a direct interception course, the ship went to general quarters and vectored her alert CAP toward the intruder. The stranger, a Soviet Cub, veered off and passed Enterprise 38 NM to the west” (Ref. 362F).

 

    USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN-69) departed Norfolk, Virginia on 25 January 1990 to participate in Fleet Exercise 1-90” (Ref. 383).

 

     “USS Carl Vinson (CVN-70) conducted its Fast Cruise on 26 January 1990” (Ref. 376A/1990).

 

    USS Enterprise (CVN-65) conducted Pakistani PASSEX, with USS Rodney M. Davis and USS Thatch, providing air services for HMS Beaver on 26 January 1990. The Electronic Warfare division of Enterprise Operations Department supported Battle Group Foxtrot as the EW Control Ship and provided direction and coordination to all units. As Enterprise proceeded across the Pacific in EMCON, the EW Module provided the eyes and ears to the Battle Group. The Electronic Warfare (EW) Moclule became instrumental in the detection and identification of opposing units throughout numerous exercises and PASSEX's involving the Battle Group. Enterprise developed an intensive ESM training and tactics program for shipboard and airwing personnel. EW personnel enhanced the operational readiness of the Electronic Warfare modules throughout the Battle Group by creative preparation and execution of EW training. The module aggressively managed the "Big Picture" for multicarrier operations throughout PASSEX and sorted vast amounts of information providing essential and reliable data for EW coordination” (Ref. 329B-1990).

 

    USS Enterprise (CVN-65) conducted UNREP with USS Wichita (AOR-1) taking on 454 KGAL JP-5 on 27 January 1990. Withita resupplied from C-141 out of al Masirah Airhead” (Ref. 329B-1990).

 

    During PMCF, Beefsteak 704, an S-3A attached to CVW-11 embarked on board USS Enterprise (CVN-65), diverted to al Masirah due to a “degradation” of flight controls, on 28 January 1990. Mechanics aboard USS Wichita (AOR-1) were sent into al Masirah after Wichita finished Airhead operations. Withita resupplied from C-141 out of al Masirah Airhead same day” (Ref. 329B-1990).

 

    USS Enterprise (CVN-65) participated in Omani (SON:) (Sultan of Oman) Navy PASSEX and the ship provided Air services for ships USNS Glary and McCluskey on 28 January 1990” (Ref. 329B-1990).

 

    USS Enterprise (CVN-65) conducted UNREP with USS Niagara Falls (AFS-3) taking on 284 PALLETS in the morning on 29 January 1990 and conducted UNREP with USS Wichita (AOR-1) taking on 250 KGAL JP-5 in the evening, while a C-2A attached to CVW-11 embarked aboard Enterprise, flew off to al Masirah to test and finish installation of internal fuel tanks, before repositioning to Diego Garcia. Overall, January was a very safe and productive month for the Air Department with 1,813 fixed wing recoveries. Tanks tested good and C-2A repositioned to Diego Garcia” (Ref. 329B-1990 & 362F).

 

    Anchoring at al Masirah at noon on 30 January 1990, USS Enterprise (CVN-65) remained in the area with USS Long Beach (CGN-9) (ex-CGN-160, CLGN-160) to recover Beefsteak 704, while SAG Foxtrot, comprising USS Hewitt (DD-966), USS Berkeley (DDG-15), USS Bagley (DD-386), USS Rathburne (FF-1057), USS Niagara Falls (AFS-3) and USS Ponchatoula (AO-148), “formed up” under Captain Wells to begin steaming east to outchop the northern Arabian Sea, Wichita detaching by southerly courses toward Diego Garcia” (Ref. 329B-1990 & 362F).

 

    The final  al Masirah Airhead day for Helicopters from USS Niagara Falls (AFS-3) and USS Wichita (AOR-1) ran material from Airhead to Battle Group Foxtrot ships rendezvous vicinity of the al Masirah Island occurred on 30 January 1990. Enterprise anchored at 1200(D) to facilitate onload of material and PAX from Airhead. When Airead complete, SAG Foxtrot (USS Hewitt (DD-966), USS Berkeley (DDG-15), USS Bagley (DD-386), USS Rathburne (FF-1057), USS Niagara Falls (AFS-3) and USS Ponchatoula (AO-148)) formed up under the command of CDS-21 and began transit east to outchop the northern Arabian Sea. USS Enterprise (CVN-65) and Long Beach remained in MODLOC vicinity of al Masirah to recover Beefsteak 704. Aircraft not recovered this day. Wichita headed south to Diego Garcia” (Ref. 329B-1990 & 362F).

 

    USS Enterprise (CVN-65) remained in MODLOC vicinity of al Masirah until recovery of Beefsteak 704 mid-afternoon on 31 January 1990, recovering S-3 mechanics from al Masirah via SH-3, turned and headed south to outchop NAS in company of USS Long Beach (CGN-9) (ex-CGN-160, CLGN-160)” (Ref. 329B-1990).

 

    On 31 January 1990, USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67) joined FleetEx (Fleet Exercise) 1-90. She operated in those evolutions that spanned the waters from the middle of the Caribbean to those north of Puerto Rico, and then joined forces with USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN- CVN-69) to conduct ‘round-the-clock flight operations against a simulated “fjord” (Ref. 549).

 

CHAPTER XL

TWELFTH MEDITERRANEAN SEA DEPLOYMENT

CV’s & CVN’s OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA

The evacuation of the American embassy in Beirut, Lebanon

(1 June 1989 to 26 April 1990)

Part 1 – (31 May to 31 December 1989)

Part 2 – (1 to 31 January 1990)

Part 3 – (1 February to 26 April 1990)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER XL

Part 2 – (1 to 31 January 1990)

 USS CORAL SEA (CV 43)

Operations Evening Light and Eagle Claw, A Sailors tale of his Tour of duty in the U.S. Navy (August 1977 to February 1983)

 

A Sailors tale of his Tour of duty in the U.S. Navy - Operation Evening Light And Eagle Claw -

 

Book - ISBN NO.

978-1-4276-0454-5

EBook - ISBN NO.

978-1-329-15473-5

 

Operations Evening Light and Eagle Claw (24 April 1980) Iran and Air Arm History (1941 to Present)

 

Operations Evening Light and Eagle Claw (24 April 1980) Iran and Air Arm History (1941 to Present)

 

Book ISBN NO.

xxxxxxxxxxxxx

EBook ISBN NO.

978-1-329-19945-3

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA  Vol. I (10 July 1944 to 31 December 1975)

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA Vol. I (10 July 1944 to 31 December 1975) -

 

Book ISBN NO.

xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

EBook ISBN NO.

978-1-329-54596-0

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA DURING HER TOUR OF SERVICE Vol. II (1 January 1976 to 25 August 1981)

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA DURING HER TOUR OF SERVICE Vol. II (1 January 1976 to 25 August 1981) -

 

Book ISBN NO.

xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

EBook ISBN NO.

978-1-329-54790-2

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA DURING HER TOUR OF SERVICE Vol. III (20 August 1981 to 26 April 1990)

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA DURING HER TOUR OF SERVICE Vol. III (20 August 1981 to 26 April 1990) -

 

Book ISBN NO.

xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

EBook ISBN NO.

978-1-329-55111-4