USS CORAL SEA (CVA-43) WESTPAC DEPLOYMENT, VIETNAM

EXPEDITIONARY FORCE (VEF), COMBAT CRUISE AND PEACE

KEEPING PATROL DATES

PLANES LOST AND LINE DAYS/LINE PERIODS

AWARDS/MEDALS/CITATIONS,

KIA/MIA/POW,

U.S. MILITARY CASUALTIES IN SOUTHEAST ASIA

(19 September 1960 to 11 August 1973)

CHAPTER XXVI

 

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) became part of the Vietnam Expeditionary Force (VEF) deployment with CVG-15 embarked (tail code NL) on 29 April to 9 May 1961 during her first “WestPac” (19 September 1960 to 27 May 1961). During her 2nd “WestPac” (12 December 1961 to 17 July 1962) Coral Sea with CVG-15 embarked (tail code NL) once again became part of the VEF deployment 12 to 27 January 1962. Line Days, Line Periods and whether there were Planes lost is unknown by the author of this publication for first and second VEF deployments” (Ref. 34).

 

    “During the U.S. involvement in the Vietnam conflict (starting in 1961 and ending on 28 January 1973) the Navy lost 726 fixed-wing aircraft and 13 helicopters to hostile action.  The Marine Corps lost 193 fixed-wing aircraft and 270 helicopters to enemy action during the same period” (Ref. 1-Ranger & Enterprise).

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) was credited with 10,000 sorties and 10,500 take-offs and landings from 7 December 1964 to 1 November 1965. Coral Sea’s 10,000th sortie was flown by LT. William J. Kish in a VA-155 A-4E Skyhawk during her 4th “WestPac” (7 December 1964 to 1 November 1965). Coral Sea was awarded the first of three Admiral Flatley Memorial Awards for aviation safety during the Vietnam period during her 4th “WestPac,” part of which (February through June) covered the ship's operations on Yankee Station” (Ref. 34 & 43).

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) was credited with 875 combat line days during combat operations which topped all other carriers for combat operations off the coast of Vietnam in support of allied forces in South Vietnam in the South China Sea during the Vietnam conflict/war (12 July 1964 to 17 July 1972)” (Ref. 34 & 43).

 

DEPLOY

 DATES

K

I

A

M

I

A

P

O

W

PLANES LOST

LINE DAYS

LINE PERIODS

WestPac & Combat

Mission

CVG-15 (NL)

19/09/60 - 27/05/61

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

 1st / 1st VEF

 South China Sea

CVG-15 (NL)

12/12/61 - 17/07/62

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

 2nd / 2nd VEF

 South China Sea

CVG-15 (NL)

03/04/63 - 25/11/63

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

 3rd / N/A  Australia

 Southern

 Indian

 Ocean

CVW-15 (NL)

07/12/64 - 01/11/65

(329-day deployment)

5

1

2

 21

 167

 6

 4th  & 1st

 South

 China Sea

CVW-2 (NE)

29/07/66 - 23/02/67

6

3

6

 16

 109

 3

 5tth / 2nd

 South China Sea

CVW-15 (NL)

26/07/67-06/04/68

4

1

4

 15

 132

 5

 6th / 3rd

 South China Sea

CVW-15 (NL)

 07/09/68-18/04/69

2

1

N/A

 4

 110

 5

 7th / 4th

 South China Sea

CVW-15 (NL)

23/09/69-01/07/70

N/A

1

N/A

 1

 125

 5

 8th / 5th

 South China Sea

CVW-15 (NL)

12/11/71-17/07/72

(248-day deployment)

1

5

6

 12

 148

 6

 9th / 6th

 South China Sea

CVW-15 (NL)

09/03/73-08/11/73

Operation Homecoming

 ?

 ?

 ?

14 planes

 84

6+

10th – Vie11tnam

peace coast patrol cruise /7th

 South China Sea

TOTALS

18

12

18

69

875

36+

 6th Vietnam

 Combat

 Cruises

69 aircraft combat losses 12 July 1964 to 17 July 1972.  References 34 & 35 have no reference to aircraft lost due to operational losses, i.e.:  reference 43 (hosted by ref. 35) declares “the price her aviators paid was dear; 39 men were listed killed or missing in action, as 69 of their aircraft were lost in combat. Operational losses accounted for 26 more aircraft and 14 men.”  Reference 35 states 14 planes lost during Operation Homecoming.

Aircraft losses:  Twenty six A-4s, Fifteen F-4s, Ten F-8s, Seven A-7s, Six A-1s & Five A-6” (Ref. 34)

During the 248-day deployment, Coral Sea had spent 148 of them at sea on Yankee Station, with only 50 days in port. With 875 days on the line off Vietnam, Coral Sea topped all other carriers for combat operations during the Vietnam War. But the price her aviators paid was dear; 39 men were listed killed or missing in action, as 69 of their aircraft were lost in combat. Operational losses accounted for 26 more aircraft and 14 men” (Ref. 43).

4th “Westpac” & 1st South China Sea deployment - Reference 34 & 35 reflect Record 331 days deployed, 245 days at sea” - Navy Times dated May 19, 2003 reflects 329 days deployed.

Reference 34, 35 & 43 reflect Chat info.

 

USS Coral Sea (CV-43) Vietnam Expeditionary Force (VEF) deployments, Vietnam War combat cruises and Vietnam peace coast patrol cruise Awards and Citations are as follows:

 

 19/09/60 - 08/11/73

 AWARD OR CITATION

AIR WING

TAIL CODE

 “WESTPAC”

 Battle Efficiency Award

CVW-15

NL

 6th & 7th

 Engineering Excellence

 CVW-15

 NL

 7th

 CINCPACFLT Golden Anchor Award - 1973 - For excellence in Counseling and retention

 CVW-15

 NL

 10th

 Communications Excellence

 CVW-15

 NL

 7th

 Engineering Excellence

 CVG-15

 NL

 1st

 Engineering Excellence

 CVW-15

 NL

 7st

 Excellent Deck Efficiency Admiral Flatley- Aviation Safety

 CVW-15

 NL

 4th, 8th & 10th

 Exceptional Meritorious Service

 CVW-15

 NL

 6th

 Public Affairs Staff was awarded the

 Bonneville International Corporation’s

 Thomas Jefferson Award for professional

 Excellence in Armed Forces

 Communications Media

 CVW-15

 NL

 9th

 Marjorie Sterrett Battleship Award

 CVW-15

 NL

 7th

 Meritorious Unit Commendation

 CVW-15

 NL

 8th

 Navy Unit Commendation

 CVW-15

 NL

 4th, 6th, 7th, 8th & 9th

 Navy Unit Commendation

 CVW-2

 NE

 5th

 National Defense Service Medal

 CVG-15

 NL

 1st & 2nd

 National Defense Service Medal

 CVW-15

 NL

4th, 6th, 7th & 8th

 Vietnam Armed Forces Expeditionary

 Service Medal

 CVW-15

 NL

 4th

 Vietnam Service Medal for Combat

 Operations

 CVW-15

 NL

 4th, 6th 7th, 8th, 9th & 10th

 Vietnam Service Medal for Combat

 Operations

 CVW-2

 NE

 5th

 Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit

 Citation

 CVW-15

 NL

 4th, 6th, 7th, 8th & 9th

 Ship of the Year Ship of the Year

 CVW-15

 NL

 4th

Reference 34 & 35 reflect Chat info.

 

VIETNAM CONFLICT/WAR SUMMARY

KIA/MIA/POW

7 December 1964 to 17 July 1972

WESTPAC

COMBAT CRUISE

KIA

MIA

POW

KIC/DIC/PKIA

Fourth

First

5

1

1

N/A

Fifth

Second

2

5

3

N/A

Sixth

Third

1

2

11

2-KIC / 1-DIC

Seventh

Fourth

4

4

N/A

2- PKIA

Eighth

Fifth

8

1

N/A

N/A

Ninth

Sixth

1

4

2

N/A

 

TOTAL

21

17

17

5 perished

KIC = Killed in Captivity

DIC = Died in Captivity

PKIA = MIA Presumed Killed in Action

Reference 34 summary reflects thirty pilots recovered, twenty five POWs, twelve MIAs (one died in captivity), and twenty one Killed in Action, yet when you review reference 34 chart of KIA/MIAs/POWs the above chart reflects the accurate accounting of information provided by reference 34, with a total of 54 names of U. S. Navy Aviators/airmen; while reference 43 (hosted by ref. 35) declares the price her aviators paid was dear; 39 men were listed killed or missing in action, as 69 of their aircraft were lost in combat. Operational losses accounted for 26 more aircraft and 14 men.  When you count by deployment aircraft lost as stated by ref. 43, the total aircraft lost is 83.

USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) Association http://www.usscoralsea.org (Ref. 34)

 

USS Coral Sea (CV-43) Vietnam Combat Cruises were from 7 December 1964 to 1 November 1965; 29 July 1966 to 23 February 1967; 26 July 1967 to 6 April 1968; 7 September 1968 to 18 April 1969; 23 September 1969 to 1 July 1970; 12 November 1971 to 17 July 1972” (Ref. 1-Coral Sea & 72).

 

Fourth “Westpac” deployment and First Vietnam Combat Cruise

(7 December 1964 to 1 November 1965)

(5 Aviators KIA, one MIA and one POW)

NAME

RANK

SQUADRON

DATE of LOSS

LOSS-COUNTRY
HOW

COMMENT

Edward A. Dickson

LT
U. S. Navy Reserve

VA 155
A-4E

7 Feb. 1965

North Vietnam
AAA

Status in 1973: Killed/ Body not Recovered

David A. Kardell

LT
U. S. Navy

VF 154
F-8D

9 May
1965

North Vietnam
Unknown

Status in 1973: Killed/ Body not Recovered

David A. Kardell

LT
U. S. Navy

VF 154
F-8D

9 May
1965

North Vietnam
Unknown

Status in 1973: Killed/ Body not Recovered

Peter Mongilardi, Jr

Comdr.
U. S. Navy

VA 153
A-4C

25 June
1965

North Vietnam
AAA

Status in 1973: Killed/ Body not Recovered

Harry E. Thomas

Comdr.
U. S. Navy

Commanding Officer-VA 153
A-4C

13 Aug.
1965

North Vietnam
AAA

Status in 1973: Killed/ Body not Recovered/ Remains returned and Identified: 30 October 1996

C. B. Goodwin

LT JG

VFP-63
RF-8A

7 Sept. 1965

North Vietnam
Unknown

Missing in Action

Wendell B. Rivers

Comdr.
U. S. Navy

VA 155
A-4E

10 Sept.
1965

North Vietnam

Status in 1973: POW/ Released

USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) Association http://www.usscoralsea.org (Ref. 34)

Reference 43 reflects Five KIA, one was missing and two prisoners. CVW-15 had lost 21 aircraft in combat over Vietnam.

 

Fifth “Westpac” deployment and Second Vietnam Combat Cruise

(29 July 1966 to 23 February 1967)

(2 Aviators KIA, 5 MIAs and 3 POWs)

NAME

RANK

SQUADRON

DATE of LOSS

LOSS-COUNTRY
HOW

COMMENT

Donald B. Parsons, Jr.

LT JG
U. S. Navy Reserve

VF 154
F-4B

19 Sept. 1966

North Vietnam
AM

Status in 1973: Killed in Action

Thomas H. Pilkington

LT JG
U. S. Navy Reserve

VF 154
F-4B

19 Sept. 1966

North Vietnam
SAM

Status in 1973: Killed in Action

Dunn

LT JG

VA-25
A-1H

20 Sept. 1966

Off China
MIG

Missing

James R. Bauder

LT CDR
U.S.Navy

VF 21
F-4B

21 Sept. 1966

North Vietnam
Unknown

Status in 1973: Missing in Action

James B. Mills

LT JG
U.S.Navy

VF 21
F-4B

21 Sept. 1966

North Vietnam
Unknown

Status in 1973: Missing in Action

Charles N. Tanner

LT Comdr.
U. S. Navy

VF 154
F-4B

9 Oct.
1966

North Vietnam
AAA

Status in 1973: POW/ Released

Ross R. Terry

LT
U. S. Navy

VF 154
F-4B

9 Oct.
1966

North Vietnam
AAA

Status in 1973: POW/ Released

William T. Arnold

LT JG
U. S. Navy

VA 22
A-4C

18 Nov. 1966

North Vietnam
Over Water

Status in 1973: Missing in Action

David E. Mc Rae

LT JG
U. S. Navy

VF 154
F-4B

2 Dec.
1966

North Vietnam
AAA

Status in 1973: Missing in Action

David G. Rehmann

LT JG
U. S. Navy

VF 154
F-4B

2 Dec.
1966

North Vietnam
AAA

Status in 1973: POW/ Released

USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) Association http://www.usscoralsea.org (Ref. 34)

Reference 43 reflects enemy gunners once more extracted their price by bringing down 16 more aircraft resulting in six aircrew KIA, three MIA and six more prisoners or war.

 

Sixth “Westpac” deployment and Third Vietnam Combat Cruise

(26 July 1967 to 6 April 1968)

(1 Aviators KIA, 2 MIAs and 11 POWs -

2 killed in Captivity & one died in Captivity)

KIA/MIAs/POWs

NAME

RANK

SQUADRON

DATE of LOSS

LOSS-COUNTRY
HOW

COMMENT

Frederick J. Fortner

LT JG
U. S. Navy Reserves

VA 155
A-4E

17 Oct.
1967

North Vietnam
Own Rockets

Status in 1973: Missing in Action

Richard C. Clark

LT JG
U. S. Navy

VF 151
F-4B

24 Oct.
1967

North Vietnam
SAM

Status in 1973: POW
Died in Captivity

Robert F. Frishmann

LT JG
U. S. Navy

VF 151
F-4B

24 Oct.
1967

North Vietnam
SAM

Status in 1973: POW/ Released

Charles R. Gillespie, Jr.

Comdr.
U. S. Navy

VF 151
F-4B

24 Oct.
1967

North Vietnam
SAM

Status in 1973: POW/ Released

Earl G. Lewis

LT JG
U. S. Navy

VF 151
F-4B

24 Oct.
1967

North Vietnam
SAM

Status in 1973: POW/ Released

Verlyne W. Daniels

Comdr.
U. S. Navy

VA 155
A-4E

26 Oct.
1967

North Vietnam
SAM

Status in 1973: POW/ Released

Timothy B. Sullivan

LT JG
U. S. Navy

VF 151
F-4B

14 Nov. 1967

North Vietnam
SAM

Status in 1973: POW/ Released

Paul H. Schultz

LT Comdr.
U. S. Navy

VF 151
F-4B

16 Nov.
1967

North Vietnam
SAM

Status in 1973: POW/ Released

Theodore G. Stier

LT JG
U. S. Navy Reserve

VF 151
F-4B

19 Nov.
1967

North Vietnam
MIG

Status in 1973: Released POW

James E. Teague

LT JG
U. S. Navy

VF 151
F-4B

19 Nov.
1967

North Vietnam
MIG

Status in 1973: Killed in Captivity

Walter O. Estes

LT JG
U. S. Navy

VF 151
F-4B

19 Nov.
1967

North Vietnam
MIG

Status in 1973: Killed in Captivity

Claude D. Clower

LT CDR
U. S. Navy

VF 151
F-4B

19 Nov.
1967

North Vietnam
MIG

Status in 1973: Released POW

Wimer P. Cook

LT Comdr.
U. S. Navy

VA 155
A-4E

22 Dec.
1967

North Vietnam
Own Bomb MK-82

Status in 1973: Killed/ Body not Recovered

Joseph P. Dunn

LT JG
U. S. Navy

VA 25
A-1H

14 Feb. 1968

China
MIG

Status in 1973: Missing in Action

USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) Association http://www.usscoralsea.org (Ref. 34)

Reference 43 four KIA, one MIA and four POWs, one of whom died in captivity. CVW-15 suffered 15 combat losses.

 

Seventh “Westpac” deployment and Fourth Vietnam Combat Cruise

(7 September 1968 to 18 April 1969)

(2 Aviators & 2 Airman KIA, 4 MIAs with 2 Presumed Killed in Action)

NAME

RANK

SQUADRON

DATE of LOSS

LOSS-COUNTRY
HOW

COMMENT

O. R. Orell

CDR

VA-52
A-1H

13 Oct. 1968

North Vietnam
Unknown

Missing in Action

James D. Hunt

LT
U. S. Navy

VA 52
A-6A

13 Oct.
1968

North Vietnam
Over Water
Unknown

Status in 1973: Missing in Action
Status in 1978 changed to: Presumed Killed in Action

Quinlen Orel

CDR
U. S. Navy

VA 52
A-6A

13 Oct.
1968

North Vietnam
Over Water
Unknown

Status in 1973: Missing in Action
Status in 1978 changed to: Presumed Killed in Action

Larry J. Stevens

LT JG
U. S. Navy

VA 216
A-4C

14 Feb. 1969

Laos, AAA and Small Arms Fire

Status in 1973: Missing in Action

Rodney Chapman

LT CDR
U. S. Navy

VAH 10
KA-3B

18 Feb. 1969

North Vietnam
Over Water

Status in 1973: Killed/ Body not

Stanley M. Jerome

E-6
U. S. Navy

VAH 10
KA-3B

18 Feb. 1969

North Vietnam
Over Water

Status in 1973: Killed/ Body not Recovered

Eddie Schimmels

E-
U. S. Navy

VAH 10
KA-3B

18 Feb. 1969

North Vietnam
Over Water

Status in 1973: Killed/ Body not Recovered

Rodney Chapman

LT CDR
U. S. Navy

VAH 10
KA-3B

18 Feb. 1969

North Vietnam
Over Water

Status in 1973: Killed/ Body not Recovered

USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) Association http://www.usscoralsea.org (Ref. 34)

Reference 43 reflects CVW-15's losses reduced as a result of the bombing halt; however, two more men died and one was missing in action during the downing of four aircraft.

 

Eighth “Westpac” deployment and Fifth Vietnam Combat Cruise

(23 September 1969 to 1 July 1970)

(7 Aviators & 1 Airmen KIA & 1 Aviator MIA)

NAME

RANK

SQUADRON

DATE of LOSS

LOSS-COUNTRY
HOW

COMMENT

Dustin C. Trowbridge

LT JG
U. S. Navy

VA 35

26 Dec.1969

South Vietnam/ Over Water

Status in 1973: Killed/ Body not Recovered

M. G. Hoff

LT CDR

VA-86
A-7A

7 Jan. 1970

Laos
AAA

Missing in Action

John J. Parker

LT
U. S. Navy

VA 86

4 March 1970

South Vietnam/ Over Water

Status in 1973: Killed/ Body not Recovered

Curtis H. Cropper

LT
U. S. Navy Reserve

VF 151

5 April 1970

North Vietnam
Over Water

 

Brian Bushnell

E-3
U.S. Navy

VAW 116
E-2A

9 April 1970

North Vietnam
Over Water

Status in 1973: 
Killed Body not Recovered

Larry C. Knight

U. S. Navy

VAW 116
E-2A

9 April 1970

North Vietnam
Over Water

Status in 1973:

Charles B. Pfaffmann

U. S. Navy

VAW 116
E-2A

9 April 1970

North Vietnam
Over Water

Status in 1973:

Andrew A. Horchar Jr.

U. S. Navy

VAW 116
E-2A

9 April 1970

North Vietnam
Over Water

Status in 1973:

Norman P. Westwood, Jr.

LT
U. S. Navy Reserve

VF 161

17 May
1970

North Vietnam

Status in 1973: Killed/ Body not Recovered

USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) Association http://www.usscoralsea.org (Ref. 34)

Reference 43 reflects the bombing halts brought a reduction of losses for the carrier aviators in Vietnam, as CVW-15 listed one aircraft lost in combat with its pilot MIA.

 

Ninth “Westpac” deployment and Sixth Vietnam Combat Cruise

(12 November 1971 to 17 July 1972)

(1 Aviator KIA, 4 Aviator MIAs & two POWs)

NAME

RANK

SQUADRON

DATE of LOSS

LOSS-COUNTRY
HOW

COMMENT

Norris A. Charles

LT JG
U. S. Navy

VF-111
F-4B

30 Dec.
1971

North Vietnam
SAM

Status in 1973: POW/ Released

Thomas E. Dunlop

Comdr.
U. S. Navy

VA 22
A-7E

6 April 1972

North Vietnam
SAM

Status in 1973: 
Killed in Action

S. D. Ketchie

1st LT
Marines

VMA-224
A-6A

9 April 1972

Laos
AAA

Missing in Action

J. W. McDonald

1st LT
Marines

VMA-224
A-6A

3 May 1972

North Vietnam
Unknown

Missing in Action

Marvin B. Wiles

LT
U. S. Navy

VA 94
A-7E

6 May 1972

North Vietnam
SAM

Status in 1973: POW

R. E. Wilson

CAPT
Marines

VMA-224
A-6A

11 June 1972

North Vietnam
AAA

Missing in Action

G. R. Shumway

LT

VA-22
A-7E

25 June 1972

North Vietnam
Unknown

Missing in Action

USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) Association http://www.usscoralsea.org (Ref. 34)

Reference 43 reflects CVW-l5 planes destroying five MiGs in the air and a transport aircraft on the ground; 12 of Coral Sea's planes had been lost in combat: six A-7Es, two F-4Bs, and four A-6As. Of the 18 men who made up the crews of those planes, one was KIA, six (three A-6A and three A-7E) were recovered, five listed as MIA, and six were prisoners of war.

 

KIA/MIA/POW

Action stories involving the USS Coral Sea that the pilot and/or crew never returned from. Most of the men listed on this page are classified POW, MIA or KIA. Please keep them and their families in mind. Also remember the flight crews and ship's company that supported these missions, it was devistating to these guys when one of ours was lost” (Ref. 35) http://www.usscoralsea.net/pages/orell

Puckett

Norman Ridley

Peter Mongilardi

Eddie Ray Schimmels

Stanley M. Jerome

Rodney M. Chapman

Edward Andrew Dickson

Michael John Allard

Claude Douglas Clower

Walter O. Estes

Theodore G. Stier

James E. Teague

Scott Ketchie

John Jackson Parker

Norman Philip Westwood

Thomas Earl Dunlop

Andrew Anthony Horchar

Larry Coleman Knight

Brian L. Bushnell

Charles B. Pfaffmann

James Reginal Bauder

Michael George Hoff

William Tamm Arnold

David Allen Kardell

Marvin Benjamin Christopher Wiles

Curtis Henry Cropper

Thomas Holt Pilkington

Don B. Parsons

Dustin Cowles Trowbridge

James Burton Mills

Larry James Stevens

Joseph Patrick Dunn

Frederick John Fortner

Quinlen Roberts Orell

James D. Hunt

Wilmer Paul Cook

Richard Champ Clark

Robert Harper Shumaker

Fred Horatio Gates

Jack L. Wright

Walter Henry Kosky

 

Peter Mongilardi

 

Author of this chart:  Bob Dorais, at: cv43@usscoralsea.net

 

- U.S. MILITARY CASUALTIES IN SOUTHEAST ASIA -

- DEATHS BY CASUALTY TYPE AND SERVICE -
- AS OF MARCH 31, 1997 -
Since 1997 67 names have been added to the memorial
that are not show in the stats below. (Ref. 559)

CASUALTY TYPE

USA

USN

USAF

USMC

USCG

TOTAL

HOSTILE
KILLED

25,358

1,115

537

11,491

4

38,505

HOSTILE
DIED OF WOUNDS

3,566

150

49

1,476

1

5,242

HOSTILE
DIED WHILE MISSING

1,960

325

1,130

108

0

3,523

HOSTILE
DIED WHILE CAPTURED/INTERNED

45

36

25

10

0

116

NONHOSTILE
DIED OF OTHER CAUSES

4,907

579

531

1,436

2

7,455

NONHOSTILE
DIED OF ILLNESS/INJURIES

1,437

69

170

314

0

1,990

NONHOSTILE
DIED WHILE MISSING

928

281

141

3

0

1,353

TOTAL

38,196

2,555

2,583

14,837

7

58,178

http://thewall-usa.com/summary.asp

Casualty Type and Branch   Pay Grade and Branch   Pay Grade and Race

State and Branch   Year and Branch   Status and Branch

 

     “During the U.S. involvement in the Vietnam conflict (starting in 1961 and ending on 2 January 1973) the Navy lost 726 fixed-wing aircraft and 13 helicopters to hostile action. The Marine Corps lost 193 fixed-wing aircraft and 270 helicopters to enemy action during the same period. Operation Homecoming, the repatriation of U.S. POWs between 27 January and 1 April 1973, began and North Vietnam and the Viet Cong released 591 POWs. Of the 591 POWs released during Operation Homecoming, 145 were Navy personnel, all but one of whom were Naval Aviation personnel” (Ref. 1-Ranger & 72).

 

     “In all, the war ended at a loss of about 3.8 million lives, and more than two million people fled Vietnam to seek political asylum in many countries” (Ref. 56).

 

VIETNAM REFERENCES

RESOURCE

REF.

RESOURCE

REF.

RESOURCE

REF.

History of Marine Corps Aviation Vietnam

140B

A-1 Skyraider Squadrons

USAF/Navy A-1 pilots lost in Vietnam

119

List of United States Marine Corps aircraft squadrons

 

118

Current Squadron Lineage List (How to Trace Squadron Lineage) (56 kb file)

75B

VMF-323 AU-1 Corsair

116

VMO-6 History

115

APPENDIX 15 Evolution of Carrier Air Groups and Wings

114B

Lineage Listing for VA, A(AW), VAH, VA(HM), VAK, VAL, VAP, and VFA Designated Squadrons

114A

Vietnam-War.info

50

The F-14 Tomcat Association

108

5000th F-4 Phantom II

103A

Beginnings

 

102

History of VMF/VMA-214

109

F-8 Crusader

 

103B

Air War

 

102A

VMA-311 Willy Lovers/Tomcats

110

Photo Alubm: F-8 Crusader

104

Weapons

 

102B

VMA-121 Photograph Album

110A

U.S. Navy carriers

1

Air Defenses

 

102C

Marine Attack Squadron-542 [VMA-542]

111

VF-161 Chargers

 

103

Rolling Thunder

 

102D

Marine Fighter Attack Squadron-212 [VMFA-212]

111A

F-4 Phantom II – Text

103A

Arc Light

 

 

102E

35th Fighter Wing [35th FW]

 

 

 

111B

Vietnam Aircraft Carrier Deployments; Carnegie Mellon University

92A

The Air War

 

 

 

 

102F

Marine Fighter Attack Squadron-531 [VMFA-531]

 

 

111C

Visual Identification System for Naval Aircraft (Tail Codes)

75B

Policy, Politics

 

 

 

 

102G

Marine Fighter Attack Squadron (All Weather)-121 [VMFA(AW)-121]

111D

Vietnam Veterans Association of Australia - PANDORA

63

Other Actions

102JH

Marine Fighter Attack Squadron-115 [VMFA-115]

 

111E

New Zealand and the Vietnam War

64

US Navy and Marine Corps Aviation Southeast Asia Statistical

97A

VMA-513 Squadron History

 

 

 

112

Appendix 3 - Carrier Deployments by Year 1946 to 1990

8

Linebacker I & II

 

 

 

 

102I

Appendix 26 Carrier, Carrier Based Squadrons and Non-Carrier Based Squadron Deployments to Vietnam

38

US Navy Aircraft Squadron Classification Symbols

39

Vietnam - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

 

 

 

 

56

South Vietnam - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

57

North Vietnam - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

58

Appendix 15 Evolution of Carrier Air Groups and Wings

75B

Back to Carriers list

 

 

 

60A

Air Power:The Air War in Vietnam

61

U.S. Navy Squadron Designations and Abbreviations

75B

Aviation Commands

 

 

 

75B

List of inactive United States Navy aircraft squadrons

75B

U.S. Navy and Marine Corps Aces

 

 

75B

Appendix 16 U.S. Navy and Marine Corps Squadron Designations and Abbreviations

75B

Current Designations of U.S. Military Aircraft

75B

National Museum of the USAF - Southeast Asia War Gallery

52

The 469th Tactical Fighter Squadron

52

Development of the Gunship
The AC-47D
Combat Record

52

Aircraft Virtual Aircraft Gallery

52

AC-47 - "Spooky Gunships"

52

The Vietnam War [ushistory.org]

52

Psychological Warfare

52

Pacific Air Forces, headquartered at Hickam Air Force Base, Hawaii, is one of nine major commands of the U.S. Air Force and is air component of the U.S. Pacific Command (PACAF) http://www.af.mil/AboutUs/FactSheets/Display/tabid/224/Article/104483/pacific-air-forces.aspx

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_Air_Forces

59

United States Navy Tail Codes Aircraft names and tail codes

http://www.aerospaceweb.org/question/history/q0301.shtml

125

Appendix 6 Lineage Listing for VA, VA(AW), VAH, VA(HM), VAK, VAL, VAP and VFA Designated Squadrons

http://www.history.navy.mil/research/histories/naval-aviation-history/dictionary-of-american-naval-aviation-squadrons-volume-1/appendix-6-lineage-listing.html

http://www.history.navy.mil/content/dam/nhhc/research/histories/naval-av

114

Vietnam - Australia's Longest War - A Calendar of Military and Political Events - VVAA Museum http://www.vvaa.org.au/calendar.htm Sub-Branch

62

92A

1964 West Pacific/Vietnam Deployment

 

1967 West Pacific/Vietnam Deployments

 

1970 West Pacific/Vietnam Deployments

 

1973 West Pacific/Vietnam Deployments

1965 West Pacific/Vietnam Deployments

 

1968 West Pacific/Vietnam Deployments

 

1971 West Pacific/Vietnam Deployments

 

 

1966 West Pacific/Vietnam Deployments

 

1969 West Pacific/Vietnam Deployments

 

1972 West Pacific/Vietnam Deployments

 

Web site discountined

 

                        Conflict Potential in Southeast Asia and the China Sea - By Kenneth J.

http://www.heritage.org/research/lecture/conflict-potential-in-southeast-asia-and-the-china-sea (Ref. 52)

Chapter 1: The Early Years, 1950 - 1959 - Passage to Freedom
- Development of the Vietnamese Navy (Ref. 3)

Chapter 2: The Era of Growing Conflict, 1959 - 1965 (Ref. 3)

Chapter 3: The Years of Combat, 1965 - 1968 (Ref. 3)

Chapter 4: Winding Down the War, 1968 – 1973 (Ref. 3)

Chapter 1: The Early Years, 1950 - 1959 - (Ref. 3)

Passage to Freedom

Development of the Vietnamese Navy

Chapter 2: The Era of Growing Conflict, 1959 - 1965 (Ref. 3)

The Crises in Laos

U.S. Naval Advisors and the Vietnamese Navy

Counterinsurgency

U.S. Navy Direct Support

Expanding Operations into North Vietnam and Laos

Gulf of Tonkin Incidents

The Conflict in Transition

Chapter 3: The Years of Combat, 1965 - 1968 (Ref. 3)

The Naval Command in Southeast Asia

The Carrier Force

Rolling Thunder

Amphibious Landings in South Vietnam

Bombardment from the Sea

Coastal Interdiction

The Naval Command in South Vietnam

River Patrol

Riverine Assault Force

The Naval Advisory Effort

Civic Action

The Navy's Logistic Support of the War

Naval Support Activities

Chapter 4: Winding Down the War, 1968 - 1973 (Ref. 3)

The SEALORDS Campaign

Allied Navies on the Offensive

Vietnamization of Naval Operations

Task Force 77 Operations

Allied Surface Warfare

Vietnamization Completed

Countering the Easter Offensive

Linebacker

Withdrawal from the War

U.S. Navy Medal of Honor Recipients

 

Secretaries of the Navy and Key Naval Officers

 

Carrier Deployments to Southeast Asia

 

Navy Aircraft Codes, 1964 - 1975

 

Enemy Aircraft Shot Down by Naval Aviators in Southeast Asia

 

Rolling Thunder Route Packages

 

Southeast Asia

 

The Coast of North Vietnam

 

Indo China

 

The Mekong Delta

 

The SEALORDS Operational Theater

 

US Navy and Marine Corps Aviation Southeast Asia Statistical ... (Ref. 97A)

http://www.bluejacket.com/usn-usmc_stats_seasia.html

Air-to-Air Combat USN/USMC

http://myplace.frontier.com/~anneled/usvictor.html

USN/USMC
Fixed Wing Aviation
Southeast Asia Statistical Summary
1962 - 1973

Table Index
Air-to-Air Combat USN/USMC
Exchange Rates Fighter vs. Fighter USN/USMC
Combat Losses in Flight USN/USMC
USMC Fixed Wing In-Flight Losses
USN Fixed Wing In-Flight Combat Losses
Area of In-Flight Battle Damage
Causes of In-Flight Fixed Wing Losses
Fixed Wing Losses Southeast Asia January 1962 - June 1973
Combat Sorties Fixed Wing April 1965 - March 1973
Squadron Deployments by Aircraft 1964 - 1973
Carrier Vietnam Deployments 1964 - 1973

http://www.bluejacket.com/usn-usmc_stats_seasia.html

Barrancas National Cemetery http://www.cem.va.gov/CEMs/nchp/barrancas.asp

U. S. NATIONAL ARCHIVES & RECORDS ADMINISTRATION (NARA) - U.S. Military Personnel Who Died (Including Missing and Captured Declared Dead) as a result of the Vietnam conflict, 1957-1995 (Listed Alphabetically by Name as of November 1997).

http://www.archives.gov

United States Military Resources

http://www.telusplanet.net/public/mtoll/usmil.htm#vietnam

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER XXVI

 USS CORAL SEA (CV 43)

Operations Evening Light and Eagle Claw, A Sailors tale of his Tour of duty in the U.S. Navy (August 1977 to February 1983)

 

A Sailors tale of his Tour of duty in the U.S. Navy - Operation Evening Light And Eagle Claw -

 

Book - ISBN NO.

978-1-4276-0454-5

EBook - ISBN NO.

978-1-329-15473-5

 

Operations Evening Light and Eagle Claw (24 April 1980) Iran and Air Arm History (1941 to Present)

 

Operations Evening Light and Eagle Claw (24 April 1980) Iran and Air Arm History (1941 to Present)

 

Book ISBN NO.

xxxxxxxxxxxxx

EBook ISBN NO.

978-1-329-19945-3

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA  Vol. I (10 July 1944 to 31 December 1975)

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA Vol. I (10 July 1944 to 31 December 1975) -

 

Book ISBN NO.

xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

EBook ISBN NO.

978-1-329-54596-0

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA DURING HER TOUR OF SERVICE Vol. II (1 January 1976 to 25 August 1981)

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA DURING HER TOUR OF SERVICE Vol. II (1 January 1976 to 25 August 1981) -

 

Book ISBN NO.

xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

EBook ISBN NO.

978-1-329-54790-2

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA DURING HER TOUR OF SERVICE Vol. III (20 August 1981 to 26 April 1990)

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA DURING HER TOUR OF SERVICE Vol. III (20 August 1981 to 26 April 1990) -

 

Book ISBN NO.

xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

EBook ISBN NO.

978-1-329-55111-4