CHAPTER XXXI

U.S. AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA CORAL SEA

EXTENDED SELECTED RESTRICTED AVAILABILTY (ERSA) at

NAVAL SHIPYARD, LONG BEACH, CA. SEA TRIALS AND TRAINING

Iran History & Air Arm

(1 January to 31 December 1976)

Part 1 – (1 January to 3 July 1976)

Part 2 – (4 July to 3 November 1976)

Part 3 – (4 November to 31 December 1976)

 

 

    “In addition to 1,200 visitors in organized tours during the week long stay at Hobart, Tasmaniafrom 29 October to 4 November 1976, “about 40,000 visitors” waited long hours to clamor on board the 200-seat ferry boats, despite wind and rain, to see the carrier, referring to her as “Tasmania’s fifth largest city.” Among the visitors to the ship were Governor-General of Australia Sir John R. Kerr, Prime Minister Malcom Frazer, Premier W.A. Nielson of Tasmania, Lord Mayor Douglas R. Plaister of, Hobart, U.S. Ambassador to Australia James W. Hargrove, Captain Benjamin T. Sutherlin, U.S. Naval Attaché, as well as Julie A. Ismay, Miss Australia 1976 and Miss Tasmania 1975.  The “extraordinary reception given to USS Enterprise (CVN-65) defies description,” was the summation of her Command History Report, the consensus of the crew being that “Hobart was the best liberty port west of Alameda.” Getting underway past shores thronged with waving crowds on 5 November 1976, the crew responded to the outpouring of hospitality by the Australians by donating $10,000.00 to local charity, sent to Lord Mayor Plaister” (Ref. 362D).

 

    “RADM E. P. Travers, OPNAV 09 and four staff members of the House-Senate Appropriations Committee on 9 November 1976 visited USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63)” (Ref. 311B-1976).

 

    “On 13 November 1976, months of effort and preparation culminated in the presentation of USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) multi-media, bicentennial production, "Growth Through Revolution, An American Tradition." It was presented at the Bremerton Community Theatre, in Tacoma, the University of Washington Theatre in Seattle, and at the Seattle Center” (Ref. 311B-1976).

 

    “Captain Edward J. Hogan formally relieved Captain Samuel W. Hubbard, Jr. as Commanding Officer of the USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) during ceremonies aboard the ship on 20 November 1976, 13th Commanding Officer, serving 15 May 1975 to 20 November 1976. RADM P, H. Speer, Commander Carrier Group ONE; speaker at visited” (Ref. 311B-1976).

 

ORDNANCE EXPENDITURES

Ammunition

Rounds

40mm Saluting [Change of Command)

21

 

    “En route to Subic Bay, USS Enterprise (CVN-65) conducted an ASW exercise, during which Rear Admiral Harris, ComCarStrFor7thFlt, was relieved by Rear Admiral Henry P. Glindeman, Jr., arriving Subic Bay, Republic of Philippines, mooring at Leyte Pier, NAS Cubi Point on 22 November 1976; the crew highlighted the date by a picnic celebrating the ship’s 15th birthday.

 

    “USS Enterprise (CVN-65) departed Subic Bay, Republic of Philippines, moored at Leyte Pier, NAS Cubi Point from 22 to November 1976. A week after celebrating the ship’s 15th birthday, the crew of USS Enterprise (CVN-65) then received what they considered a “Christmas present” (albeit an early one) in the form of the beginning of a visit to Hong Kong on 29 November 1976” (Ref. 362D).

 

    “Bi-Monthly NAVSEA COH Progress Briefing for USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) was attended by RADM P. A. PECK, Commander Carrier Group 'PHREE; VADM R. P. Coogan, Commander Air Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet; RADM J. B. Berude, CINCPACFLT Maintenance Officer and RADM R. L, Walters, Deputy Commander Naval (Continued) Sea Systems Command on 23 November 1976” (Ref. 311B-1976).

 

    “USS Enterprise (CVN-65) visited to Hong Kong from 29 November to 3 December1976. Though giving some sailors the opportunity to temporarily reunite with their families, the visit was also marred by the drug-related deaths of two crewmen” (Ref. 362D).

 

    “USS Enterprise (CVN-65) returned to Subic Bay, Republic of Philippines, mooring at Leyte Pier, NAS Cubi Point on 5 December 1976” (Ref. 362D).

 

    “Attended by Vice Admiral Baldwin, Captain James W. Austin assumed command during a change of command ceremony attended by Vice Admiral Baldwin aboard USS Enterprise (CVN-65) on 10 December 1976, relieving Captain Carol C. Smith, Jr., seventh Commanding Officer, serving from 9 April 1974 to 10 December 1976. Captain Smith was also promoted to rear admiral” (Ref. 329A & 362D).

 

    “USS Enterprise (CVN-65) departed Subic Bay, Republic of Philippines on 12 December 1976, moored at Leyte Pier, NAS Cubi Point from 5 to 12 December 1976” (Ref. 362D).

 

    “Bi-Monthly NAVSEA COH Progress Briefing for USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) was attended by RADM R. L. Walters, Deputy Commander Naval Sea Systems Command on 17 December 1976” (Ref. 311B-1976).

 

    “USS Enterprise (CVN-65) commenced MultiPlEx 1-77 and MissilEx 1-77 on 14 December 1976, in preparation for a ReadiEx 1-77 exercise area in the Philippine Sea in the New Year” (Ref. 362D).

 

USS Midway (CV-41) with CVW-5 embarked arrived from her 13th South China Sea deployment, forward deployed at Yokosuka, Japan

 

     “On 17 December 1976, USS Midway (CV-41) with Commander, Battle Force Seventh Fleet (CTF-70), Carrier Strike Force Seventh Fleet (CTF-77), Surface Combatant Force, Seventh Fleet (Task Force 75) & Carrier Group Five, Commander DESRON 15 and Commander, Carrier Air Wing Five (CVW-5) embarked arrived Yokosuka, Japan (NAF Atsugi, Japan), with Captain Donald Linn Felt, USNA '53, as Commanding Officer, ending her 17th WestPac, her 13th South China Sea deployment and tenth Vietnam Peace Patrol Cruise, on her tenth deployment as the U. S. Navy’s forward-deployed carrier operating with the 7th Fleet. Ports of call not reported. Squadrons: VF-161, F-4N; VF-151, F-4N; VA-93, A-7A; VA-56, A-7A; VA-115, A-6A / KA-6D; VAW-115, E-2B; VMFP-3 Det., RF-4B; VMAQ-2 Det., EA-6A and HC-1 Det. 2, SH-3G; redesignated CV-41, reclassifying a Multi-Purpose aircraft carrier on 30 June 1975. Her 13th deployment since her second recommission on 31 January 1970, following completion of a four-year conversion-modernization at the San Francisco Bay Naval Shipyard, arriving on 11 February 1966, ending the year of 1965 upon arrival from her sixth “WestPac” deployment operating with the Pacific Fleet and tour of duty with the 7th Fleet, on her first Vietnam Combat Cruise in the Far East; making three Vietnam Combat Cruises operating with the 7th Fleet during the Vietnam Conflict/War; ending her eighth “WestPac” deployment operating with the Pacific Fleet and tour of duty with the 7th Fleet, on her third South China Sea deployment, her third Vietnam Combat Cruise in the Far East. Her 19th deployment since her first recommission upon completion of SCB-110 (August 1955 to 30 September 1957), decommissioning in August 1955 upon completion of her World Cruise for a five month SCB-110 modernization that included new innovations such as an enclosed bow and an angled flight deck to be installed at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton Washington; redesignated CVA-41 on 1 October 1952. Her 32nd Foreign Water Fleet Deployment (FWFD) since her commission 10 September 1945, having the destination of being the lead ship of her class, and the first to be commissioned after the end of lead ship of her class, and the first to be commissioned after the end of World War II (1 November to 17 December 1976)” (Ref. 1-Midway & 72).

 

 01/11/76 to 17/12/76

AWARD OR CITATION

AWARD DATES

7Th FLEET Forward Deployed

Sea Service Deployment Ribbon

Sea Service Deployment Ribbon.svg

Aug 74 to Aug 91

17th WestPac       13h SCS

“The Sea Service Deployment Ribbon (SSDR) is a service award of the United States Navy which was established in May 1980 and retroactively authorized to August 1974. It was the first type of sea service ribbon established in the U.S. Armed Forces.

 

The SSDR is granted to any member of the U.S. Navy or U.S. Marine Corps assigned to a deployable unit (e.g., a ship, aircraft squadron, detachment, battalion, or other unit type that operates away from its assigned homeport) and is forward-deployed for a period of either 90 consecutive days or two periods of at least 80 days each within a given 12-month period; or 12 months stationed overseas in a forward deployed location.

 

When a ship's crew qualifies for the SSDR, the ship is authorized to paint and display the ribbon and award stars on the port and starboard side of the bulwark aft to designate the number of deployments conducted throughout the commissioned life of the ship since August 1974.

 

When a U.S. Navy or U.S. Marine Corps aviation squadron qualifies for the SSDR, the squadron is authorized to paint and display the ribbon and award stars on the exterior or interior of their hangar/office spaces to designate the number of deployments conducted throughout the active life of that squadron since August 1974” (Ref. 1181D).

Ref. 1181 & 1181C

 

    “A special Christmas-party for the children of USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) Crewmembers and Francis Morgan Center was held at the PSNS gym on 18 December 1976. Nearly 300 children participated in the merriment as well as about 150 parents. The party was sponsored by the Kitty Hawk” (Ref. 311B-1976).

 

    “On the morning of 19 December 1976, an F-14 ("NK 213") of VF-2 was lost at sea three miles ahead of USS Enterprise (CVN-65) into the South China Sea. Experiencing a “flight control malfunction while attempting to land,” the Tomcat boltered, the crew unable to maintain directional flight control. The tip of a wing clipped the tails of two planes parked on the port bow after the Tomcat struggled airborne. Both men ejected and were recovered unharmed by a helo” (Ref. 84A).

 

    “CVW-11 CO, CDR R. W. Leeeds relieves CDR W. H. Byng on 23 December 1976” (Ref. 311B-1976).

 

    “VRC-50 and VMA-223 conducted refresher training from USS Enterprise (CVN-65) during this MultiPlEx 1-77 and MissilEx 1-77; two days before Christmas, an A-4M from the latter squadron lost control just prior to launching and ended up in the port catwalk. The pilot was unharmed and the Skyhawk retrieved with minor damage” (Ref. 362D).

 

    “USS Enterprise (CVN-65) conducted MultiPlEx 1-77 and MissilEx 1-77 from 14 to 28 December 1976, in preparation for a larger exercise in the New Year” (Ref. 362D).

 

    “USS Enterprise (CVA(N)-65) Personnel manning levels as of 31 December 1976:

 

Officers:

Ship's Company: 165

CVW 14: 280

CTF 77/COMCARGRU 5: 25

 

Civilians: 45

 

Enlisted:

Ship's Company: 2,800

CVW 14: 1,300

CTF 77/COMCARGRU 5: 30” (Ref. 329B-1976).

 

    “Carrier Air Wing Fourteen was embarked at various imes throughout 1976 and was composed of VF-1 "Wolfpack," VF-2 "Bounty Hunters," VA-97 "War Hawks," VA-27 "Royal Maces," VA-196 "Main Battery," VAW-113 "Black Eaglesw," VAQ-134 "Garuda," RVAH-1 "Tigers,"  HS-2 "Golden Falcons,"  and VS-29 "Vikings." In addition, VQ-1 Detachment Charlie was embarked during the cruise (31 August onward)” (Ref. 329B-1976).

 

    “The months of November and December saw a fair amount of activity aboard USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63). Late in December 1976, SM2 William Hoff, serving in the Navigation Department aboard Kitty Hawk demonstrated the use of a portable Navy pump to the people of Pebble Beach Cove, Washington. In the past, Cove firefighters had run out of water several times fighting various fires. Hoff showed the firefighters and populace that through the use of the portable pump, water from the nearby canal could be utilized as a limitless supply of water. As a result of his effort, Fire Chief Steve Morris decided to purchase a portable high-pressure pump for the community. Besides the personal thanks Hoff received from the people, he has unquestionably enhanced the Navy's image in the area” (Ref. 311B-1976).

 

USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) COMPLEX OVERHUAL ACCOMPLTSHMENTS - Ref. 311B-1976).

 

    “The Kitty Hawk Ship's Force Overhaul Management System Department (SFOMS) was formed in 1975 during Kitty Hawk”s fourteenth year of commissioned Naval service to direct a one-hundred million dollar complex overhaul at the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Washington. The COH was finished on 1 April 1977. In order to provide a sense of continuity, this section describes those alterations and repairs which were completed during the entire COH. The complex overhaul would configure the Kitty Hawk to operate with the F-14 and S-3A aircraft in a total CV sea control mode.

 

    “A total of 495 Kitty Hawk personnel, 466 enlisted and twenty-nine officers were assigned TAD t o SFOMS from various departments throughout the ship. The SFOMS Department operated as a unit i n Flag Operations and conference area spaces until the Kitty Hawk arrived in PSNS Bremerton. At that time SFOMS relocated to a trailer in the hangar bay. The total ship's force industrial work package for CV-63's 76 COH was 1,781,196 man hours.

 

    During calendar year 76, Kitty Hawk sailors expended a total of 4,100,000 man hours in areas of industrial support, ship board operations and team or in divisional raining. Man hours expended solely in the industrial area accounted for over 1,197,000. By 1 April 1977 the ship's force had expended over 202,900 man days of labor on their ship. The history of any ship in overhaul can best be described by noting the ShipAlts which have been programmed and completed, Major ship alterations can be broken down into four Basic categories; engineering, habitability/crew morale, air systems and combat support systems. The Kitty Hawk under SHIPALT 3830K added spaces for storage and maintenance facilities for the new F-14 fighter aircraft and related ordnance and equipment.

 

     SHIPALT 4345K, the S-3 Ordnance Support SHIPALT, called for facilities for the storage and handling of ASW weapons, sensors and aircraft inert components for the S-3 aircraft, to support the Navy's new ASW airframe, SHIPALT 3931K provided CV-63 with a Tactical Support Center for air ASW Weapons Systems which will function through Combat Information Center (CIC) to provide evaluated ASW target information to the Officer in Tactical Command (OTC). The primary function of the CV-TSC is to provide sensor processing and multi source, multi sensor correlation information. The TSC is considered a support activity for VS, HS and VP aircraft.

 

    SHIPALT 3250 provided a more efficient work area for air frames and a repair facility for ground support equipment, while SHIPALT 4588 and 3827K provided avionics support for the S-3 and the capability to test all aircraft's weapons electronic components by computer in one avionics ship. SHIPALT 4748 installed two EA-6B DTs Vans to provide complete Avionics Intermediate Maintenance Support for the EA-6B aircraft.

 

    Two additional maintenance vans were installed within the existing EA-6B van complex, Prior to the installation of the two vans, CV-63 retained only partial capability for support of the EA-6B. SHIPALT 3837K provided AIMD with the Versatile Avionics Station Test (VAST) alteration. This was required to support the new aircraft avionics that AIMD would be tasked to repair. SHIPALT 4620K removed the Terrier Surface-to-Air missile system and installed the NATO Seasparrow system which will provide the Kitty Hawk with a short range, rapid reaction self defense missile system for use against airborne targets, air launched weapons (missiles) and surface launched targets (missiles). SHIPALT 4026K added elevators and modified weapons magazines which will provide an increased capability for handling and stowing new, larger air launched weapons. The addition and/or modification of command support systems has greatly enhanced Kitty Hawk’s capabilities as a CV, Among these new command support systems was the installation of a second data link backup to LINK 4A under SHIPALT 4203.

 

    The second LINK 4A will provide the necessary backup and also permit continuous operation of both LINK 4A and the ACLS LINK (Automatic Carrier Landing System Link), the ship to aircraft landing data transmission link, independent of each other. Kitty Hawk also received the three dimensional height finding air search radar, the SPS-48, as a replacement for the existing SPS-30 radar, and the AN/WLR-11 under SHIPALT 4784 which will improve the ship's passive ECM capabilities. To further support command, embarked wing and carrier group commander in a sea control mode SHIPALT 4621 called for the installation of the AN/SMQ-10 Satellite Readout Equipment. This equipment will enable the ship to receive, process, and display data from the latest weather satellite and to produce photos of much greater detail than previous systems.

 

    SHIPALT 4644, the NTDS Display TACS/TAD, modified the NTDS display systems to meet the tri-services tactical Air Control System/Tactical Air Defense System Display Standards. Under the previous system trackng data was lost during transfer from a tactical Data System of another service to this ship. To improve Kitty Hawk’s communications package, SHIPALT’s 4355, 4357 and 4363 were approved which upgraded HF and UHF communications and provided secure voice HF/UHF and VHF radio links. The ship's radio equipment and antennas were replaced to maintain communications reliability concurrent with modern techniques. High powered transmitters were installed that are smaller, more reliable and easier to operate.

 

    Improvements were also made to the Kitty Hawk’s ability to be seen at night by other ships in company, Under SHIPALT 4321 a dual array of task lights on a new fiberglass stub mast was installed to provide the CV with a full 360° arc of visibility. Security for the ship's small arms and ammunitions magazines was provided by SHIPALT 4156 which installed a small arms intrusive alarm system. Environmental and crew habitability improvements were also given considerable attention.

 

    All mess decks and galleys were completely renovated under SHIPALT 4711. This SHIPALT further modified the crew serving line to improve the variety, sanitation and palatability of the food served to the crew members, SHIPALT 4591 modified several squadron ready room facilities and provided an additional ready room, more-seating in existing ready rooms, and improved traffic flow from ready rooms to the flight deck.

 

    SHIPALT 3820 provided a complete intensive care area and patient monitoring system in the operating room, while SHIPALT 4575 provided an egress marking system to aid personnel in finding their way to weather decks during a fire or during totally darkened conditions. The Navy in general and Kitty Hawk in particular is conscious of the impact on the oceans environment that a ship with over 5,000 men could have; to that extent SHIPALT 4655K was instituted to provide sewage holding facilities in the ship until wastes could be offloaded to a barge or container ashore. SHIPALT 4395 requested that pumps for controlled bilge water discharge be installed. These pumps will provide an improved capability for pumping bilge water when educator usage is not permitted. This would eliminate/reduce oil pollution that results when educators are used for dewatering bilges.

 

    New and more sophisticated electronic equipment and computers require additional power, cobbling water, and air conditioning. SHIPALT 4233 increased the ship's air conditioning capability by installing a new 360 ton capacity centrifugal air conditioning plant, while with the completion of SHIPALT 4922 the Kitty Hawk’s shore power capacity was increased by 50 percent. Previous demands for shore power had necessitated activation of emergency diesels to support the increases i n demand.

 

    As significant engineering SHIPALT under 4201 called for relocating the sea valve power operators to the upper level in order to add damage control assurance that means will be available to rapidly close the main sea valves when required. Previously power operators were mounted on valves in the bilges. The bilge water deteriorates these operators, adversely affecting their reliability. The Engineering Department began activating Kitty Hawk’s Main Machinery spaces on 17 and 18 December. Number One main One Aux. was lit - off. Further light - offs followed on 21, 22, and 23 December when Number Four Main and Two Aux were activated” (Ref. 311B-1976).

 

    “The following major accomplishments highlight USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) performance in CY 1976:

 

 “ATTABOYS” - Ref. 311B-1976

Date

From

To

For

9 Jan 76

COMNAVAIRPAC

VA-195

One year accident

free operations (Ops.)

23 Jan 76

COMNAVAIRPAC

VS-37

Five years accident

free operations

12 Feb 76

COMCARAIRWING TWO

CV-63

CARQUALS performance

17 Feb 76

VS-41

CV-63

CARQUALS performance

19 Feb 76

COMCARGRU ONE

CV-63

CARQUALS performance

8 Mar 76

CTF 77

VS-37

“E” 74-75

11 Mar 76

Chief of Naval Information

CV-63

PA0

Merit Award for TV Broadcast Achievement

6 Apr 76

COMMACVAQPAC

VAQ-136

Three years accident free Ops.

29 May 76

COMFITAEWWINGPAC

VF-114

One year accident free Ops.

3 Jun 76

COMCARGRU ONE

VF-114

One year accident free Ops.

14 Sep 76

COMNAVAIRPAC

VS-33

Sixteen years accident free Ops.

6 Nov 76

COMNAVAIRPAC

VA-192

Two years accident free Ops.

11 Nov 76

COMCARGRU ONE

HS-8

One year accident free Ops.

12 Nov 76

COMCARGRU ONE

VA-192

Two years accident free Ops.

16 Nov 76

COMNAVAIRPAC

VAQ-131

Five years accident free Ops.

15 Dec 76

COMCARGRU ONE

VAW-114

Six years accident free Ops.

17 Dec 76

COMNAVAIRPAC

CV-63

Five years accident free Ops.

 

QUARTERLY RETENTION STATISTICS - Ref. 311B-1976.

 

                                      FIRST TERM                                              CARRIER

Quarter

Eligible

Not Eligible

Reenlisted

Eligible

Not Eligible

Reenlisted

First

77

17

29

33

6

21

Second

86

63

32

22

7

16

Third

127

78

30

22

6

16

Fourth

67

47

19

18

8

14

Total

357

205

110

95

27

67

 

CHAPTER XXXI

U.S. AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA CORAL SEA

EXTENDED SELECTED RESTRICTED AVAILABILTY (ERSA) at

NAVAL SHIPYARD, LONG BEACH, CA. SEA TRIALS AND TRAINING

Iran History & Air Arm

(1 January to 31 December 1976)

Part 1 – (1 January to 3 July 1976)

Part 2 – (4 July to 3 November 1976)

Part 3 – (4 November to 31 December 1976)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER XXXI

Part 3 - (4 November to 31 December 1976)

 USS CORAL SEA (CV 43)

Operations Evening Light and Eagle Claw, A Sailors tale of his Tour of duty in the U.S. Navy (August 1977 to February 1983)

 

A Sailors tale of his Tour of duty in the U.S. Navy - Operation Evening Light And Eagle Claw -

 

Book - ISBN NO.

978-1-4276-0454-5

EBook - ISBN NO.

978-1-329-15473-5

 

Operations Evening Light and Eagle Claw (24 April 1980) Iran and Air Arm History (1941 to Present)

 

Operations Evening Light and Eagle Claw (24 April 1980) Iran and Air Arm History (1941 to Present)

 

Book ISBN NO.

xxxxxxxxxxxxx

EBook ISBN NO.

978-1-329-19945-3

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA  Vol. I (10 July 1944 to 31 December 1975)

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA Vol. I (10 July 1944 to 31 December 1975) -

 

Book ISBN NO.

xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

EBook ISBN NO.

978-1-329-54596-0

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA DURING HER TOUR OF SERVICE Vol. II (1 January 1976 to 25 August 1981)

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA DURING HER TOUR OF SERVICE Vol. II (1 January 1976 to 25 August 1981) -

 

Book ISBN NO.

xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

EBook ISBN NO.

978-1-329-54790-2

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA DURING HER TOUR OF SERVICE Vol. III (20 August 1981 to 26 April 1990)

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA DURING HER TOUR OF SERVICE Vol. III (20 August 1981 to 26 April 1990) -

 

Book ISBN NO.

xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

EBook ISBN NO.

978-1-329-55111-4