THIRD MEDITERRANEAN SEA DEPLOYMENT

REPAIRS & TRAINING off the Virginia Capes

(Hostilities in Korea Continue)

(9 September 1950 to 19 March 1951)

CHAPTER VI

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVB-43) with CVG-17 (tail code R) embarked departed Naval Station, Norfolk, Va. 9 September 1950, with Captain Frederick M. Trapnell, as Commanding Officer, on her third Mediterranean Sea deployment, operating with the United States Sixth Fleet (6th Fleet), steaming through the North Atlantic operating with the U.S. Atlantic Command (USLANTCOM) (Atlantic Fleet) under the direction of the 8th Fleet to the Mediterranean Sea. Prior to her deployment conducted Carrier Qualifications, qualifying pilots of VC-5 squadron onboard flying AJ-1 Savage heavy attack bombers on 31 August 1950, marking the introduction of this long-range attack bomber to carrier operations, commencing local operations on 18 June 1950, proceeded by an in port period during which time the outbreak of tensions between North and South Korea commenced on 25 May 1950, clearing Norfolk, Va. on 1 May 1950 for Gitmo and training, just prior to the arrival of the new CO, Captain Frederick M. Trapnell, USNA at Norfolk, Va. on 29 April 1950. That was preceded by Carrier Qualifications when on 21 April 1950, the first carrier takeoff of an North American AJ-1 Savage heavy attack bomber (Hayward atomic bomb) was made from Coral Sea by Capt. John T. Hayward of VC-5. On the same day , Lt. Cmdr. R.C. Starkey flew a Lockheed P2V-3C Neptune weighing 74,668 pounds off Coral Sea, becoming the heaviest aircraft ever launched from an aircraft carrier (up to that point), operating locally out of Norfolk and the Virginia Capes area, proceeded by post-deployment voyage repairs upon return from her second Mediterranean Sea deployment. She will undergo her fourth Foreign Water Fleet Deployment (FWFD) since her commission on 1 October 1947” (Ref. 1-Coral Sea, 34, 35, 43 and 72).

 

 

USS CORAL SEA (CVB-43) with CVG-17 (R)

(9 September 1950 to 1 February 1951)

Hull No. /

Fleet

Foreign Water Fleet

Deployment

 Air Wing

Tail

Code

Depart

Return

Days at Sea

Fleet D. No.

USS Coral Sea (CVB-43) 2nd & 6th

Lant

3rd Med

Lant

 

CVG-17

R

9 Sep 1950

1 Feb 1951

Korean War Started 

Europe

4th FWFD

146-days

 

SQUADRON

SQUADRON NICK NAME & PRIMARY

          ROLE

 AIRCRAFT DESIGN

     NICK NAME &

   PRIMARY ROLE

  TAIL

 CODE

 Modex

   AIRCRAFT   DESIGNATION

VF-171

Aces - Phantom Fighters -             Fighter Squadron

McDonnell - Banshee -  Jet Fighter

R100

F2H-2

VF-172

Blue Bolts -             Fighter Squadron

McDonnell - Banshee -  Jet Fighter

R200

F2H-2

VF-173

Jesters -                  Fighter Squadron

Vought - Corsair - Fighter

R300

F4U-5

VF-174

Hell Razors -            Fighter Squadron

Vought - Corsair - Fighter

R400

F4U-5

HEDRON - 2nd MAW Det.

 Combat Squadron

Vought - Corsair - Fighter - Photographic reconnaissance/Survey

LL400

F4U-5P

VA-175

Devil's Diplomats or Winged Man Bomb Rocket -              Attack Squadron

Douglas - Skyraider -Electronic countermeasures

R500

AD-4

VC-4 Det.

Night Cappers  - Composite Squadron

McDonnell - Banshee -Jet Fighter - Special armament

Vought - Corsair Fighter - All weather operation

?

F2H-2
F4U-5N

VC-33 Det. 6

Night Hawks  - Composite Squadron

Douglas - Skyraider -Night fighter & Electronic countermeasures

SS00

AD-4N / AD-4Q

VC-12 Det.

Fighting Omars -

Composite Squadron

Douglas - Skyraider - Airborne Early warning

NE00

AD-3W / AD-4W

HU-2

Fleet Angels/Service - Helicopter Utility Squadron

Sikorsky - Dragonfly -   H-5

UR00

HO3S-1

“Banshee F2H-2 was the first major deployment by VF-171 and VF-172 9 September 1950” (Ref. 34).

Ref. 34, 35, 39, 41 and 76

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVB-43) transited the Strait of Gibraltar on 19 September 1950, subsequently taking part in fleet exercises off the coast of Sicily and in the Malta” (Ref. 43).     

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVB-43) visited Herakelton, Crete . Maneuvers off Sicily Bay, Crete were followed by further operations off Sicily and a visit to the ports of Algiers and Oran in Algeria, before returning to Norfolk” (Ref. 43 & 1275U2).

 

 

"The crew of USS Coral Sea (CVB-43) stands at attention on the flight deck." From All Hands magazine, November 1950 issue. NS024351 132k. Stanley Svec.

http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/024351.jpg

 

 

Vought F4U-5 Corsair fighter takes off from USS Coral Sea (CVB-43), while she was operating in the Mediterranean Sea, November 1950. This is a U.S. Marine Corps aircraft. Note radar antennas atop the island, and flag signal reading "085 turn". Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives (photo # 80-G-423543). NS02431891k. Scott Dyben.

http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/024318.jpg

 

    “On 10 November 1950, USS Midway (CVB-41) with Commander, Carrier Air Group Seven (CVG-7) embarked arrived Norfolk, Va. 10 July 1950, with Captain Frederick Norman Kivette, USNA ‘25, as Commanding Officer, ending her fourth Mediterranean Sea deployment operating with the 6th Fleet, steaming through the Atlantic, operating with the U.S. Atlantic Command (USLANTCOM) (Atlantic Fleet), operational control extending to the U.S. Second Fleet and ComAirLant to the Mediterranean Sea via Gibraltar, with her upgraded fighter capability, serving as the flagship of Commander, Carrier Division Six (COMCARDIV SIX). This consisted of two aircraft types, F9F-2 Panthers and F8F-1B Bearcats. Ports of call include: Gibraltar, a British overseas territory located on the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula at the entrance of the Mediterranean and Phaleron Bay, a bay of the Aegean Sea on the coast of Attica, Greece. Squadrons: VF-71, F9F-2; VF-72 (*1), F8F-1B; VF-74, F4U-4; VA-75, AD-4; VMF-211, F4U-4; VC-4 Det. 5, F4U-5N; VC-62 Det. 5, F4U-5P; VC-12 Det. 5; AD-3W and HU-2 Det., HO3S-1. (*1) Redesignated VA-72 on 3 January 1956. Her eighth Foreign Water Fleet Deployment (FWFD) since her commission 10 September 1945, having the destination of being the lead ship of her class, and the first to be commissioned after the end of World War II (10 July to 10 November 1950)” (Ref. 1-Midway, 72 & 1175G3).

 

 10/07/54 to 10/11/54

AWARD OR CITATION

AWARD DATES

EAST COAST

National Defense Service Medal

Korea

Jun 1950 - Jul 1954

Europe

4th Med

Navy Occupation Service Medal with "Europe" clasp

Several periods, Dec 1947 - Oct 1954

same

Ref. 1081 & 1081/C

 

    “USS Midway (CVB-41) commenced a five month Overhaul at Norfolk, Va, Shipyard to accommodate the latest jets shortly after arrival from her fourth Mediterranean Sea deployment on 10 November 1950” (Ref. 1175G & 1081L).

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVB-43) departed the Algiers, Algeria and Oran, Morocco on January 1951 for return to the United States” (Ref. 43).

 

    “On 1 February 1951, USS Coral Sea (CVB-43) with CVG-17 (tail code R) embarked arrived Naval Station, Norfolk, Va., with Captain Frederick M. Trapnell, as Commanding Officer, ending her third Mediterranean Sea deployment, operating with the United States Sixth Fleet (6th Fleet), steaming through the North Atlantic operating with the U.S. Atlantic Command (USLANTCOM) (Atlantic Fleet) under the direction of the 8 th Fleet to the Mediterranean Sea, with  Captain Trapnell, Frederick M., USNA in command, transiting the Strait of Gibraltar on September 1950, Coral Sea visited Herakelton, Crete . Maneuvers off Sicily Bay, Crete were followed by further operations off Sicily and a visit to the ports of Algiers and Oran in Algeria, before returning to Norfolk” (Ref. 43 & 1275U2). Coral Sea was the first carrier to deploy with the non-nuclear parts for an A-bomb, while pilots of VF-171 & VF-172 operated Banshee F2H-2s, the first major deployment for the Banshee F2H-2, commencing on 9 September 1950, visiting Herakelton, Crete in between in fleet exercises. Returning to sea, she operated near Suda Bay and Sicily again before visiting Algiers and Oran, and departed the Algiers, Algeria and Oran, Morocco on 22 January 1951 for return to the United States. Ports of call include: Gibraltar, a British overseas territory located on the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula at the entrance of the Mediterranean; Golfo Aranci (Gallurese: Figari, Sardinian: Figari) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Olbia-Tempio in the Italian region Sardinia, located about 200 kilometres (120 mi) north of Cagliari and about 13 kilometres (8 mi) northeast of Olbia; Augusta, Sicily, a town and comune in the province of Syracuse, located on the eastern coast of Sicily (Italy) (The city is one of the main harbours in Italy); Golfe-Juan (Occitan: Lo Gorg Joan, Lo Golfe Joan) is a seaside resort on France's Côte d'Azur. The distinct local character of Golfe-Juan is indicated by the existence of a demonym, "Golfe-Juanais," which is applied to its inhabitants and Gibraltar, a British overseas territory located on the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula at the entrance of the Mediterranean; Cannes (French pronunciation: ​[kan], in Occitan Canas) is a city located on the French Riviera (It is a commune of France located in the Alpes-Maritimes department, a busy tourist destination and host of the annual Cannes Film Festival, Midem, and Cannes Lions International Festival of Creativity); Suda Bay, a bay and natural harbour near the town of Souda on the northwest coast of the Greek island of Crete, Greece; Phaleron Bay, a bay of the Aegean Sea on the coast of Attica, Greece; Taranto, a coastal city in Apulia, Southern Italy, the capital of the Province of Taranto and is an important commercial port as well as the main Italian naval base; Livorno (Italian: [liˈvorno] ((English traditionally Leghorn (/lɛɡˈhɔrn/, /ˈlɛɡɔrn/)) is a port city on the Ligurian Sea on the western coast of Tuscany, Italy. It is the capital of the Province of Livorno; Naples, the capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy; Algiers, the capital and largest city of Algeria and Oran (Arabic: وهران‎, Wahrān; Berber: ⵡⴻⵀⵔⴰⵏ) is a major city on the northwestern Mediterranean coast of Algeria, and the second largest city of the country on 22 January 1951 for return to the United States. Squadrons: VF-171, F2H-2; VF-172, F2H-2; VF-173, F4U-5; VF-174, F4U-5; VA-175, AD-4; HEDRON - 2nd MAW Det.; F4U-5P; VC-4 Det. 6, F2H-2/F4U-5N; VC-33 Det. 6, AD-4N/4Q; VC-12, AD-3W / AD-4W and HU-2, HO3S-1. Her fourth Foreign Water Fleet Deployment (FWFD) since her commission on 1 October 1947 (9 September 1950 to 1 February 1951)” (Ref. 1-Coral Sea, 34, 35, 43, 72 & 1275U2).

 

CVB-43 Coral Sea

PDF file

Med Cruise Book, September 9, 1950–February 1, 1951, with Carrier Air Group 17 (CVG-17). Map, pages 1–8 and 10–17. NS024342. Mike Sharp, via Robert Hall.

http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/024342.pdf

 

 09/09/50 – 01/02/51

AWARD OR CITATION

 AWARD DATES

 MED CRUISE

 None Reported

 N/A

 3rd

Reference 34 and 35 reflect Chat info.

 

    “Following post-deployment voyage repairs from her third Mediterranean Sea deployment operating with the 6 th Fleet, USS Coral Sea (CVB-43) operated in the Virginia Capes area, qualifying CVG-1 and preparing for her fourth Mediterranean deployment” (Ref. 43 and 72).

 

    “Pioneering Aviator Captain James S. Russell, later chief of the Bureau of Aeronautics and four-star admiral, relieved Captain Frederick M. Trapnell (4th Commanding Officer, serving from 29 April 1950 to 12 February 1951), as USS Coral Sea (CVB-43) fifth commanding officer at Norfolk, Va., 12 February and Coral Sea became the flagship for RADM Daniel V. Gallery, ComCarDiv Six on February 1951” (Ref. 35A & 43).

 

 

FOURTH MEDITERRANEAN SEA DEPLOYMENT

OVERHAUL AT NORFOLK NAVY YARD

Local Virginia Capes operations and refresher training out of Guantanamo Bay

Iran History & Air Arm

(Hostilities in Korea continue)

(20 March 1951 to 18 April 1952)

CHAPTER VII

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVB-43) with CVG-1 embarked (tail code R) departed Naval Station, Norfolk, Va. 20 March 1951, with Captain James S. Russell, as Commanding Officer, on her fourth Mediterranean Sea deployment, operating with the United States Sixth Fleet (6th Fleet), steaming through the North Atlantic operating with the U.S. Atlantic Command (USLANTCOM) (Atlantic Fleet) under the direction of the 2nd Fleet to the Mediterranean Sea, her first North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) exercise, participating in the first major North Atlantic Treaty Organization exercise Beehive I, with British, French, Greece, Turkey and Italian ships. Prior to her deployment she become the flagship for RADM Daniel V. Gallery, ComCarDiv Six on 12 February 1951, the same day pioneering Aviator Captain James S. Russell, later Chief or the Bureau of Aeronautics and four-star admiral, relieved Captain Fred M Trapnell as CO and the fifth commanding officer at Norfolk, Va. on 12 February 1951, preceded by operations in the Virginia Capes area, qualifying CVG-1 upon completion of post-deployment voyage repairs upon return from her third Mediterranean Sea deployment. She will undergo her fifth Foreign Water Fleet Deployment (FWFD) since her commission on 1 October 1947” (Ref. 1-Coral Sea, 34, 35, 43, 72 & 1275U3).

 

USS CORAL SEA (CVB-43) with CVG-1 (R)

(20 March to 6 October 1951)

Hull No. /

Fleet

Foreign Water Fleet

Deployment

 Air Wing

Tail

Code

Depart

Return

Days at Sea

Fleet D. No.

USS Coral Sea (CVB-43) 2nd & 6th

Lant

4th Med

Lant

 

CVG-1

T

20 Mar 1951

6 Oct 1951

Korean War Continues 

Europe

5th FWFD

201-days

1st major North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) exercise, Beehive I, with British, French, Greece, Turkey and Italian ships.

SQUADRON

SQUADRON NICK NAME & PRIMARY

ROLE

AIRCRAFT DESIGN

NICK NAME &

PRIMARY ROLE

TAIL

CODE

Modex

AIRCRAFT

DSIGNATION

VF-11

Red Rippers -

Fighter Squadron

McDonnell -Banshee -

Jet Fighter

T100

F2H-2

VF-12

(Flying) Ubangis -

Fighter Squadron

McDonnell - Banshee -  Jet Fighter

T200

F2H-2

VF-13

Aggressors -

Fighter Squadron

Vought - Corsair -

Fighter

T300

F4U-5

VF-44

Hornets -

Fighter Squadron

Vought - Corsair -

Fighter

T400

F4U-5

VA-15

Valions -

Attack Squadron

Douglas - Skyraider -Early warning & Winterized

T500

AD-4 / AD-4L

VC-4 Det. 6

Night Cappers - Composite Squadron

Vought - Corsair - Fighter - All weather operation & Winterized

     ?

F4U-5N /

F4U-5NL

VC-12 Det. 6

Fighting Omars -

Composite Squadron

Douglas - Skyraider - Airborne Early warning

   NE00

AD-4W

VC-33 Det. 6

Night Hawks -

Composite Squadron

Douglas - Skyraider -Night fighter & Electronic countermeasures

   SS800

AD-4N

VC-62

Fighting Photos - Composite Squadron

Grumman - Eastern Bearcat' - Photographic Reconnaissance/Survey

  TL000

F8F-2P

HU-2 Det. 6

Fleet Angels/Service - Helicopter Utility Squadron

Sikorsky - Dragonfly

   UR00

HO3S-1

Ref. 34, 35, 39, 41 and 76

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVB-43) reached Gibraltar on 1 April 1951” (Ref. 43).

   

    “As flagship for Commander, Carrier Division 6, USS Coral Sea (CVB-43) participated in the first Major North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) exercise, Beehive I, with British, French, Greece, Turkey and Italian ships” (Ref. 34, 43 and 72).

 

    “In the last week of May, the 6th Fleet was augmented with USS Coral Sea (CVB-43)” (Ref.1-Coral Sea and 43).

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVB-43) port of calls at Italian, French, Greek and Turkish ports punctuated her periods of flight operations at sea” (Ref. 1-Coral Sea and 43).

 

Iran History and Air Arm

 

      “The U.S. interest in protecting Iran was not only for Iranian oil, but Iran was also a direct route to the Soviet Union, to which the United States was sending war supplies. In the late summer of 1941, both the Soviet Union and Britain invaded Iran, and the shah was driven into exile to South Africa.  When the United States entered the war in late 1941, it also occupied Iran” (Ref 4).

 

      “Iran (Persia at the time) was occupied during World War II by the allies” (Ref. 27).

 

      “During World War II, an Iranian politician named Mohammed Mossadegh had gradually risen to power” (Ref 4).

 

      “After World War II began, Britain, the United States and the Soviet Union became allies to prevent Germany from taking over Iran.

 

     Ariamehr Mohamed Reza Paklavi ruled Iran until the Dr. Mohammad Mossadegh became the democratically elected prime minister in May 1951. Heading a nationalist party that wanted to end all foreign interference in Iranian affairs, Mossadegh became more and more dictatorial; he soon was competing with the shah for control of Iran.

 

     As Mossadegh became more and more dictatorial, he soon was competing with the shah for control of Iran. For support, the shah relied more and more firmly on the United States. It was not long before many Iranians began complaining about the United States having too much influence in Iranian affairs. What the Iranians did not know was the extent the United States was supporting the shah” (Ref 4).

 

     “In July 1951, Captain Caldwell reported as Chief of Staff, Commander Carrier Division Six, in USS Coral Sea (CVB-43)” (Ref. 1275G5).

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVB-43) made a port of call at Lisbon before her return to Norfolk, Va.” (Ref. 1-Coral Sea & 43).

 

    “On 6 October 1951, USS Coral Sea (CVB-43) with CVG-1 (tail code R) and Captain Caldwell reported as Chief of Staff, Commander Carrier Division Six embarked arrived Naval Station, Norfolk, Va., with Captain James S. Russell, as Commanding Officer, ending her fourth Mediterranean Sea deployment, operating with the United States Sixth Fleet (6th Fleet), steaming through the North Atlantic operating with the U.S. Atlantic Command (USLANTCOM) (Atlantic Fleet) under the direction of the 8 th Fleet to the Mediterranean Sea, as the flagship for RADM Daniel V. Gallery, ComCarDiv Six, with Captain James S. Russell in command, participating in the first major North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) exercise, participating in the first major North Atlantic Treaty Organization exercise Beehive I, with British, French, Greece, Turkey and Italian ships, augmenting the 6th Fleet in the last week of May, making port calls at Italy, France, Greece, Turkey and Lisbon, Portugal before her return to Norfolk, Va. Ports of call include: Italy (ˈɪtəli/; Italian: Italia [iˈtaːlja]), officially the Italian Republic (Italian: Repubblica italiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Southern Europe; France (fræns/; French: [fʁɑ̃s], officially the French Republic (French: République française [ʁepyblik fʁɑ̃sɛz]), is a unitary sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories; Greece (Greek: Ελλάδα, Elláda, pronounced [eˈlaða], officially the Hellenic Republic (Ελληνική Δημοκρατία [eliniˈci ðimokraˈti.a] Ellīnikī́ Dīmokratía) and known since ancient times as Hellas (/ˈhɛləs/; Greek: Ελλάς), is a country in Southern Europe and Balkans; Turkey (ˈtɜr.ki/; Turkish: Türkiye, pronounced /tyrkije/), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti, pronounced /tyrkije d͡ʒumhurijeti, is a contiguous transcontinental parliamentary republic largely located in Western Asia with the portion of Eastern Thrace in Southeastern Europe and Lisbon, the capital city and largest city of Portugal and is the westernmost large city located in Europe, as well as its westernmost capital city and the only one along the Atlantic coast. It lies in the western Iberian Peninsula on the Atlantic Ocean and the Tagus River; and Lisbon, the capital city and largest city of Portugal and is the westernmost large city located in Europe, as well as its westernmost capital city and the only one along the Atlantic coast. It lies in the western Iberian Peninsula on the Atlantic Ocean and the Tagus River. Squadrons: VF-11, F2H-2; VF-12, F2H-2; VF-13, F4U-5; VF-44, F4U-5; VA-15, AD-4 / AD-4L; VC-4 Det. 6, F4U-5N / 5NL; VC-12 Det. 6, AD-4W; VC-33 Det. 6, AD-4N; VC-62, F8F-2P and HU-2 Det. 6, HO3S-1. Her fifth Foreign Water Fleet Deployment (FWFD) since her commission 1 October 1947 (20 March to 6 October 1951)” (Ref. 1-Coral Sea, 34, 35, 43, 72 & 1275U3).

 

 20/03/51 – 06/10/51

AWARD OR CITATION

 AWARD DATES

 MED CRUISE

 Navy Occupation Service medal for ops in

 European waters

 6 April and 4 September 1951

 4th

Reference 34 and 35 reflect Chat info.

 

    “The Coral Sea (CVB-43), former CV-42, the 43rd aircraft carrier of the United States Navy by Hull No. and in order of commission, the 45th, commissioning on 1 October 1947, with her 1st CO Captain A. P. Storrs, III, in command, conducted overhaul at Norfolk Navy Yard, Va. from 10 October 1951 to February 1952” (Ref. 34).

 

     “In July 1951, Captain Caldwell reported as Chief of Staff, Commander Carrier Division Six, in USS Coral (CVB-43). He was next ordered to the Naval War College at Newport, R.I. He returned to the Coral Sea as CO in August 1953” (Ref. 1275G5).

 

     “Captain Robert B. Pirie assumed command of USS Coral Sea (CVB-43) on 10 February 1952, relieving Captain James S. Russell, 5th Commanding Officer, serving from 12 February 1951 to 10 February 1952” (Ref. 35A).

 

    “Upon completion overhaul at Norfolk Navy Yard, Va. in February 1952, USS Coral Sea (CVB-43) carried out local Virginia Capes operations and refresher training out of Guantanamo Bay” (Ref. 34).

 

     “Rear Admiral Charles R. Brown, Carrier Division Six, broke his flag in USS Coral (CVB-43) on 9 April 1952. Admiral Brown assisted in commissioning the Navy’s first carrier, the USS Langley (CV-1)” (Ref. 1275G4).

 

FIFTH MEDITERRANEAN SEA DEPLOYMENT

OVERHAUL AT NORFOLK NAVY YARD, VA.

CARRIER QUALIFICATIONS off the Virginia Capes to

Mayport, Florida and into Cuban waters and the West Indies

(Hostilities in Korea continue and carriers participating with the Seventh Fleet)

(25 April 1952 to 25 April 1953)

CHAPTER VIII

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVB-43) became flagship for RADM Charles R. ‘Cat’ Brown, ComCarDiv Six on 19 April 1952, to commemorate her fifth overseas deployment” (Ref. (34, 35, 43 and 72). 

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVB/CVA-43) with CVG-4 (tail code AF), Rear Admiral Charles R. Brown, Carrier Division Six and Captain Caldwell as Chief of Staff (since July 1951), Commander Carrier Division Six embarked departed Naval Station, Norfolk, Va. 19 April 1952, with Captain Herbert D. Riley, as Commanding Officer, on her fifth Mediterranean Sea deployment, operating with the United States Sixth Fleet (6th Fleet), steaming through the North Atlantic operating with the U.S. Atlantic Command (USLANTCOM) (Atlantic Fleet) under the direction of the 2nd Fleet to the Mediterranean Sea in support of Exercise Beehive II. Prior her deployment carried out local Virginia Capes operations and refresher training out of Guantanamo Bay, during which time Captain Pirie, Robert B., USNA, became the new CO, arriving at Naval Station, Norfolk, Va. on 10 February 1952, completing overhaul at Norfolk Navy Yard, Va. (10 October 1951 to 19 February 1952). She will undergo her sixth Foreign Water Fleet Deployment (FWFD) since her commission on 1 October 1947” (Ref. 1-Coral Sea, 34, 35, 43, 72 & 1275G4).

 

USS CORAL SEA (CVB/CVA-43) with CVG-4

(19 April to 12 October 1952)

Hull No. /

Fleet

Foreign Water Fleet

Deployment

 Air Wing

Tail

Code

Depart

Return

Days at Sea

Fleet D. No.

USS Coral Sea (CVB/CVA-43) 2nd & 6th

Lant

5th Med

Lant

 

CVG-4

F

19 Apr 1952

12 Oct 1952

Korean War Continues 

Europe

6th FWFD

177-days

Exercise Beehive II

SQUADRON

SQUADRON NICK NAME & PRIMARY

ROLE

AIRCRAFT DESIGN

NICK NAME &

PRIMARY ROLE

TAIL

CODE

Modex

AIRCRAFT

DESIGNATION

VMF-211 (*1)

Marine  -

Combat Squadron -

Wake Island Avengers

Vought - Corsair - Fighter

AF100

F4U-4

VF-62 (*2)

Gladiators -

Fighter Squadron

McDonnell - Banshee - Jet Fighter

AF200

F2H-2

VF-43

Challengers -

Fighter Squadron

Vought - Corsair - Fighter

AF300

F4U-4

VF-44

Hornets -

Fighter Squadron

Vought - Corsair - Fighter

AF400

F4U-4

VA-45

Blackbirds -

Attack Squadron

Douglas - Skyraider -Night fighter modified for cold weather

AF500

AD-4

VC-4 Det.  6

Night Cappers - Composite Squadron

McDonnell - Banshee -  Jet Fighter - Special armament

Vought - Corsair - Fighter - All weather operation & Winterized

NA00

F2H-2B

F4U-5N /

F4U-5NL

VC-12 Det. 6

Fighting Omars -

Composite Squadron

Douglas -Skyraider -Airborne Early warning

NE00

AD-4W

VC-33 Det. 6

Night Hawks -

Composite Squadron

Douglas - Skyraider -Special armament; Night fighter modified for cold weather

Eastern (GM) -

Avenger “Blue Lady” - Torpedo Bomber - Pilot, Bombadier, Rear Gunner

SS00

AD-4B /

AD-4NL /

TBM-3

VC-62 Det. 62

Fighting Photos -  Composite Squadron

McDonnell - Banshee - Jet Fighter - Photographic reconnaissance/Survey

TL00

F2H-2P

HU-2 Det. 6

Fleet Angels/Service - Helicopter Utility Squadron

Piasecki -

‘Retriever’ Chopper

UR00

HUP-1

(*1) While operating aboard the USS Coral Sea in 1952

(*1) VMF-211 was redesignated VMA-211

(*2) Redesignated VA-106 on 1 July 1955

Ref. 34, 35, 39, 41 and 76

 

     “USS Coral Sea (CVB-43) passed Gibraltar on 27 April 1952 to commence her fourth tour of duty with the Sixth Fleet” (Ref. 1275U5).

 

     “Captain William O. Burch, Jr. reported as Chief of Staff, Carrier Division Six in USS Coral (CVB-43) on 8 July 1952, relieving Captain Caldwell as Chief of Staff, Commander Carrier Division Six serving since July 1951” (Ref. 1275G6).

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVB-43) became the first American aircraft carrier to visit Split, Yugoslavia, an Adriatic port from 4 September 1952. On 14 September 1952, she hosted President Josip Broz Tito, Yugoslavia’s Prime Minister, who observed air operations during his three-hour visit in a demonstration to the Soviet Union that American aid was available and acceptable to Yugoslavia” (Ref. 34, 35, 43, 72 & 1275U5).

 

    “The more capable F9F-5 first appeared in Korea in October of 1952, flown initially by reserve squadrons VF-781 and VF-783 operating off the USS Oriskany (CVA-34). F9F-5s also served with VF-51, VF-52, VF-53, VF-111, VF-153, and VF-154” (Ref. 155C/G).

 

    “The F9F-2P was replaced by F9F-5Ps. Two Marine Corps reconnaissance (VMJ-1 and VMJ-3) squadrons flew F9F-5Ps. VMJ-3 was still flying F9F-5Ps when the squadron was redesignated VMCJ-3V” (Ref. 155C).

 

    “The Coral Sea (CVB-43), former CV-42, the 43rd aircraft carrier of the United States Navy by Hull No. and in order of commission, the 45th, commissioning on 1 October 1947, with her 1st CO Captain A. P. Storrs, III, in command, reclassified hull classification symbol CVA-43 on 1 October 1952; reported to the Atlantic Fleet, Norfolk, Va., which was designated as her home port. The ship’s patch insignia in color, signal flag and radio call sign was issued by the U.S. Navy—BIG C, CORAL MARU, AGELESS WARRIOR—which was launched on 2 April 1946 by Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company of Newport News, Va.; it was sponsored and christened by Mrs. Thomas C. Kincaid, wife of RADM Thomas Kincaid, who had commanded a cruiser division under RADM Frank Jack Fletcher at Coral Sea, a Coral Sea hero.  While under construction, the unnamed (CV-42) was first named the Coral Sea, the 43rd aircraft carrier of the U.S. Navy on 10 October 1944; keel was laid down on 10 July 1944 at the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company of Newport News, Va.. It was originally classified as an aircraft carrier with hull classification symbol CV-42, then reclassified as a “Large Aircraft Carrier” (CVB-43) on 15 July 1943, while the contract to build her was awarded on 14 June 1943” (Ref. 1-Coral Sea & 72).

 

 

 

USS Coral Sea (CVB-43) as seen from USS Baltimore (CA-68) in 1952.

(See also photos NS0406819 and NS0406840). NS0406827 96k. George Panos,
Ex QMS 2/C.
http://www.navsource.org/archives/04/068/0406827.jpg

 

 

USS Coral Sea (CVB-43) and USS Salem (CA-139) during Med. exercises, 1952. Note helo between Coral Sea and Salem. NS024328 127k. George Panos, Ex QMS 2/C

http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/024328.jpg

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) made a port of call at Lisbon before her return to Norfolk, Va.” (Ref. 1-Coral Sea and 43).

 

    “After taking part in NATO Exercise Mainbrace at Greenock, Scotland, and enjoying a liberty period at Plymouth, USS Wasp (CV-18) headed home” (Ref. 1-Wasp and 72). 

 

    “On 12 October 1952, USS Coral Sea (CVA-43), former CVB-43 & CV-42 with CVG-4 (tail code AF), Rear Admiral Charles R. Brown, Carrier Division Six and Captain William O. Burch, Jr. reportimng as Chief of Staff, Carrier Division Six in Coral Sea on 8 July 1952, relieving Captain Caldwell as Chief of Staff (serving sine July 1951), Commander Carrier Division Six embarked arrived Naval Station, Norfolk, Va., with Captain Herbert D. Riley, as Commanding Officer, for overhaul at Norfolk Navy Ship Yard, ending her fifth Mediterranean Sea deployment, operating with the United States Sixth Fleet (6th Fleet), steaming through the North Atlantic operating with the U.S. Atlantic Command (USLANTCOM) (Atlantic Fleet) under the

direction of the 2nd Fleet to the Mediterranean Sea in support of Exercise Beehive II, becoming flagship for RADM Charles R. ‘Cat’ Brown, ComCarDiv Six on 19 April 1952, to commemorate her fifth overseas deployment, with Captain Pirie, Robert B., USNA in command, Coral Sea became the first American aircraft carrier to visit Split, Yugoslavia, an Adriatic port between 11 to 14 September 1952, when on 14 September 1952, she hosted President Josip Broz Tito, Yugoslavia’s Prime Minister, who observed air operations during his three-hour visit in a demonstration to the Soviet Union that American aid was available and acceptable to Yugoslavia, and while still at sea, was reclassified hull classification symbol CVA-43 on 1 October 1952. Ports of call include: Italy (ˈɪtəli/; Italian: Italia [iˈtaːlja]), officially the Italian Republic (Italian: Repubblica italiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Southern Europe; France; French: [fʁɑ̃s], officially the French Republic (French: République française [ʁepyblik fʁɑ̃sɛz]), is a unitary sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories; Greece (Greek: Ελλάδα, Elláda, pronounced  [eˈlaða], officially the Hellenic Republic (Ελληνική Δημοκρατία [eliniˈci ðimokraˈti.a] Ellīnikī́ Dīmokratía) and known since ancient times as Hellas (/ˈhɛləs/; Greek: Ελλάς), is a country in Southern Europe and Balkans; Turkey (ˈtɜr.ki/; Turkish: Türkiye, pronounced /tyrkije/), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti, pronounced, is a contiguous transcontinental parliamentary republic largely located in Western Asia with the portion of Eastern Thrace in Southeastern Europe and Lisbon, the capital city and largest city of Portugal and is the westernmost large city located in Europe, as well as its westernmost capital city and the only one along the Atlantic coast. It lies in the western Iberian Peninsula on the Atlantic Ocean and the Tagus River; and Lisbon, the capital city and largest city of Portugal and is the westernmost large city located in Europe, as well as its westernmost capital city and the only one along the Atlantic coast. It lies in the western Iberian Peninsula on the Atlantic Ocean and the Tagus River. Squadrons: VMF-211 (*1), F4U-4; VF-62, F2H-2; VF-43, F4U-4; VF-44, F4U-4; VA-15, AD-4; VC-4 Det., F4U-5N; VC-12 Det. 6, AD-4W; VC-33 Det. 6, AD-4N; VC-62 Det. 6, F2H-2P and HU-2 Det. 6, HUP-1. (*1) While operating aboard the USS Coral Sea in 1952 and (*1) VMF-211 was redesignated VMA-211. Her sixth Foreign Water Fleet Deployment (FWFD) since her commission on 1 October 1947 (19 April to 12 October 1952)” (Ref. 1-Coral Sea, 34, 35, 43, 72, 1275U5 & 1275G6).

 

                                                        19/04/52 – 12/10/52

AWARD OR CITATION

 AWARD DATES

 MED CRUISE

 Battle Efficiency Award 6th Fleet in the

 Atlantic - FY 1952

 30 September 1952

 5th

Ref. 34, 35, 39, and 41

 

    “After taking part in NATO Exercise Mainbrace at Greenock, Scotland, and enjoying a liberty period at Plymouth, USS Wasp (CV-18) headed home” (Ref. 1-Wasp and 72). 

 

     “Captain Herbert D. Riley assumed command of USS Coral Sea (CVA-43), on 7 November 1952, relieving Captain Robert B. Pirie, 6th Commanding Officer, serving from 10 February 1952 to 7 November 1952” (Ref. 35A).

 

 

The first XFJ-2 Fury, BuNo 133754, conducted carrier qualification tests aboard USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) in late 1952. NS024369 41k. Pieter Bakels.

http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/024369.jpg

 

    “The Coral Sea (CVA-43), former CVB-43 & CV-42, the 43rd aircraft carrier of the United States Navy by Hull No. and in order of commission, the 45th, commissioning on 1 October 1947, with her 1st CO Captain A. P. Storrs, III, in command, conducted overhaul at Norfolk Navy Yard from 12 October 1952 to in early 1953” (Ref. 34).

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) trained pilots in carrier operations off the Virginia Capes and Mayport, Fl., and in April 1953 she embarked the Judiciary Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives for a three-day cruise” (Ref. 1-Coral Sea and 72). 

 

 

CARRIER QUALIFICATIONS off the Virginia Capes Carrying out Tests for the Bureau of Aeronautics and trained Members of the Naval Reserve at Mayport, Florida, and Guantanamo Bay

Iran History & Air Arm

(26 April 1953 to 6 July 1954)

CHAPTER IX

 

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) with Commander, R. B. Wood, USN, Carrier Air Group 8 (CVG-8) (tail code E), Rear Admiral Charles R. Brown, Carrier Division Six, broke his flag in Coral Sea on 9 April 1952, Captain William O. Burch, Jr. reported as Chief of Staff, Carrier Division Six on 8 July 1952, relieving Captain Caldwell as Chief of Staff, Commander Carrier Division Six serving since July 1951 embarked departed Naval Station, Norfolk, Va. 26 April 1953, with Captain Herbert D. Riley, as Commanding Officer, on her sixth Mediterranean Sea deployment, operating with the United States Sixth Fleet (6th Fleet), steaming through the North Atlantic operating with the U.S. Atlantic Command (USLANTCOM) (Atlantic Fleet) under the direction of the 2nd Fleet to the Mediterranean Sea, scheduled to participate in NATO Exercise Black Wave, with Deputy Secretary of Defense R.M. Kyes onboard as an observer. Prior to her deployment trained pilots in carrier operations off the Virginia Capes and Mayport, Florida, and in April 1953 she embarked the Judiciary Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives for a three-day cruise, while the previous year on 7 November 1952, Captain Riley, Herbert D. became the new commanding officer, proceeded by operations out of Norfolk, ranging from the Virginia Capes to Mayport, Fl., and into Cuban waters and the West Indies. She will undergo her seventh Foreign Water Fleet Deployment (FWFD) since her commission on 1 October 1947” (Ref. 1-Coral Sea, 34, 35, 43, 72, 1275G3-/3, 1275G4, 1275G5 & 1275G6).

 

    “Cruise with CVG-8 embarked (tail code E), marked a major change in air group composition from propellers to jets. Although earlier air groups had two full Banshee squadrons, the predominant aircraft had been Corsairs. The most numerous aircraft for the 1953 deployment were Grumman F9F-5 Panthers, which included a Marine squadron, VMF-122. The ship’s first AJ Savage Det. also operated during this cruise” (Ref. 43).

 

Mediterranean Cruise Book 1953 - Ref. 1275G

1953 Mediterranean Cruise port of call map - Ref. 1275G1

1953 Mediterranean Cruise and Ports of Call - Ref. 1275G2

 

USS CORAL SEA (CVA-43) with CVG-8 (E)

(26 April to 21 October 1953)

Hull No. /

Fleet

Foreign Water Fleet

Deployment

 Air Wing

Tail

Code

Depart

Return

Days at Sea

Fleet D. No.

USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) 2nd & 6th

Lant

6th Med

Lant

 

CVG-8

E

26 Apr 1953

21 Oct 1953

Korean War Ended

06/27/1953

Europe

7th FWFD

179-days

Exercise Black Wave

SQUADRON

SQUADRON NICK NAME & PRIMARY

ROLE

AIRCRAFT DESIGN

NICK NAME &

PRIMARY ROLE

TAIL

CODE

Modex

AIRCRAFT

DSIGNATION

VF-81 (*1)

Waldomen -

Fighter Squadron

Grumman - Cougar -

Jet Fighter

E100

F6F-5P

VMF-122

Marine - Candystripers Fighter Squadron

Grumman - Cougar -

Jet Fighter

LC200

F9F-6 (F-9F)

VF-83 (*2)

Rampagers -

Fighter Squadron

Grumman - Cougar -

Jet Fighter

E300

F9F-5

VA-85

Black Falcons -

Attack Squadron

Douglas - Skyraider -Special armament; Winterized & Night fighter modified for cold weather

E500

AD-4 / AD-4B

& AD-4L

VC-4 Det. 6

Nightcappers -

Composite Squadron

Vought – Corsair – Fighter -

All weather operation

McDonnell - Banshee - Fighter

NA600

F4U-5N
F2H-3 (F-2C)

VC-8

Fire Ballers  -

Composite Squadron

North American - ‘Savage’ - Attack

NC00

AJ-1 (A-2A)

HEDRON - 2nd MAW Det.

Combat Squadron

McDonnell - Banshee - Jet Attack Fighter -

Special armament

LL400

F2H-2B

VC-62 Det.  62

Fighting Photos - Composite Squadron

McDonnell - Banshee - Jet Attack Fighter - PhotographicReconnaissance/Survey

TL000

F2H-2P

VC-33 Det. 6

Night Hawks -

Composite Squadron

Douglas - Skyraider -Special armament; Night fighter & Electronic countermeasures

SS00

AD-4B / AD-4N & AD-3Q

VC-12 Det. 6

Fighting Omars -

Composite Squadron

Douglas - Skyraider - Airborne Early warning

NE00

AD-4W

HU-2 Det. 6

Fleet Angels/Service - Helicopter Utility Squadron

Piasecki -

‘Retriever’ Chopper

UR00

HUP-1

(*1) Redesignated VA-66 on 1 July 1955

(*2) Redesignated VA-83 on 1 July 1955

Ref. 34, 35, 39, 41 and 76

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) made a port of call at Oran, a major city on the northwestern Mediterranean coast of Algeria, and the second largest city of the country from 7 to 9 May 1953” (Ref. 1275G1).

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) made a port of call at Cagliari (Italian: [ˈkaʎʎari] - Sardinian: Casteddu; Latin: Caralis) is an Italian municipality and the capital of the island of Sardinia, an Autonomous Region of Italy (Cagliari's Sardinian name Casteddu literally means castle) from 12 to 18 May 1953” (Ref. 1275G1).

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) made a port of call at Marseille (UK /mɑrˈs/; French: [maʁ.sɛj], locally: [mɑχˈsɛjə]; Occitan: Marselha [maʀˈsejɔ, maʀˈsijɔ]; also Marseilles in English), known in antiquity as Masalia, Massalia or Massilia (from Greek: Μασσαλία; [probably adapted from an existing language related to Ligurian) is the second largest city in France, after Paris, with a population of 850,636 (January 2011) on a land area of 241 km2 (93 sq mi) from 23 to 27 May 1953” (Ref. 1275G1).

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) made a port of call at Golfe-Juan (Occitan: Lo Gorg Joan, Lo Golfe Joan) is a seaside resort on France's Côte d'Azur. The distinct local character of Golfe-Juan is indicated by the existence of a demonym, "Golfe-Juanais," which is applied to its inhabitants from 27 May to 2 June 1953” (Ref. 1275G1).

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) made a port of call at Taranto, a coastal city in Apulia, Southern Italy, the capital of the Province of Taranto and is an important commercial port as well as the main Italian naval base (Taranto (Italian ronunciation: [ˈtaːranto] ( listen); early Italian: Tarento from Latin: Tarentum; Ancient Greek: Τάρᾱς Tarās; Modern Greek: Τάραντας Tarantas; Tarantino "Tarde") is a coastal city in Apulia, Southern Italy. It is the capital of the Province of Taranto and is an important commercial port as well as the main Italian naval base from 8 to 16 June 1953” (Ref. 1275G1).

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) made a port of call at Barcelona, the capital of Catalonia and the second largest city in Spain and Malaga, a city and a municipality, capital of the Province of Málaga, in the Autonomous Community of Andalusia, Spain from 23 to 30 June 1953” (Ref. 1275G1).

 

     “Rear Admiral Edgar Allen Cruise, Carrier Division Six, broke his flag in USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) in mid 1953, relieving Rear Admiral Charles R. Brown who assumed command on 9 April 1952. Admiral Brown assisted in commissioning the Navy’s first carrier, the USS Langley (CV-1)” (Ref. 1275H4-/-4).

 

     “Captain G. L. Kohr, USN, relieved Captain William O. Burch, Jr. as Chief of Staff, Carrier Division Six in USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) in mid 1953, while Captain Burch, Jr. served since 8 July 1952” (Ref. 1275H5-/-5).

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) made a port of call at Genoe or Genoa pron, the capital of Liguria and the sixth largest city in Italy from 2 to 7 July 1953” (Ref. 1275G1).

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) made a port of call at Cannes (French pronunciation: ​[kan], in Occitan Canas) is a city located on the French Riviera (It is a commune of France located in the Alpes-Maritimes department, a busy tourist destination and host of the annual Cannes Film Festival, Midem, and Cannes Lions International Festival of Creativity) from 8 to 15 July 1953” (Ref. 1275G1).

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) made a port of call at Rhodes, an island in Greece, located in the eastern Aegean Sea and is the largest of the Dodecanese islands in terms of both land area and population Genoe or Genoa pron, the capital of Liguria and the sixth largest city in Italy from 22 to 29 July 1953” (Ref. 1275G1).

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) made a port of call at Thessaloniki, (Greek: Θεσσαλονίκη [θesaloˈnici], also known as Thessalonica or Salonica, is the second-largest city in Greece and the capital of Greek Macedonia, the administrative region of Central Macedonia and the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace from 30 July to 3 August 1953” (Ref. 1275G1).

 

Iran History & Air Arm

 

     “Allegedly with CIA interference, his government was overthrown after 27 months of service, in August 1953 and Reza was again installed in power” (Ref. 4 and 16).

 

      “The CIA’s plan for getting involved in Iran’s internal political affairs was called Operation Ajax. In the spring and early summer of 1953, CIA agents hired mobs of Iranians to stir up trouble throughout the country. The CIA sponsored uprising against Mossadegh and his nationalists began in mid-August and on 19 August, he was forced to flee. He was arrested in flight and was sentenced to three years in prison. While the shah seemed to have triumphed, the strong current of anti-Americanism grew as word began to leak out about the secret role played by the United States in keeping the shah on his throne. The shah ignored any misgivings his subjects might have had about American intervention. Instead he seemed more determined than ever to stamp out any opposition to his leadership that might remain among his people. The shah further protected his dictatorial reign by signing oil agreements with several European countries as well as the United States. These agreements assured Iran of more than sufficient income to create economic prosperity. Unfortunately, most of this money was used by the shah, his aides, and other wealthy Iranian businessmen before the poor could benefit from any of it” (Ref. 4).

 

     “In July 1951, Captain Caldwell reported as Chief of Staff, Commander Carrier Division Six, in USS Coral (CVA-43). He was next ordered to the Naval War College at Newport, R.I. He returned to the Coral Sea as CO in August 1953” (Ref. 1275G5).

 

    “After the Korean War, the Lockheed Shooting Star reentered Guard service, with P-80C (F-80C) (including rebuilt F-80C-11/12-LO aircraft) equipping some 22 squadrons and the FP-80A (RF-80A) and P-80C (F-80C) serving with some five squadrons” (Ref. 41 and 180A).

 

    “Air Force Reserve squadrons flew Lockheed P-80C (F-80C) Shooting Stars from the summer of 1953 to the autumn of 1957” (Ref. 41 & 180A).

 

Iran History & Air Arm

 

     Meanwhile, the shah and the United States continued to expand their friendship. Both military and economic aid was extended to Iran by the Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations. When Johnson took over as president, the shah made it clear that Iran would protect American interests in the Persian Gulf region. To aid Iran in this role the United States sent a military mission as well as continued the military aid. This eventually led to further misunderstanding between many Iranians and the United States” (Ref. 4).

 

     “Captain Henry H. Caldwell assumed command of USS Coral Sea (CVA-43), on  10 August 1953, relieving Captain Herbert D. Riley, 7th Commanding Officer, serving from 7 November 1952 to 10 August 1953” (Ref. 35A).

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) made a port of call at Naples, the capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy from 7 to 11 August 1953” (Ref. 1275G1).

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) made a port of call at La Spezia (Italian: [la ˈspɛtsi̯a] Spèza in the local dialect of Ligurian), at the head of the Gulf of La Spezia in the Liguria region of northern Italy, is the capital city of the province of La Spezia. Located between Genoa and Pisa on the Ligurian Sea, it is one of the main Italian military and commercial harbours and hosts the arsenal of the Italian Navy from 19 to 24 August 1953” (Ref. 1275G1).

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) made a port of call at Naples, the capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy from 25 to 29 August 1953” (Ref. 1275G1).

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) made a port of call at Valaencia, the capital of the autonomous community of Valencia and the third largest city in Spain after Madrid and Barcelona; Genoe or Genoa pron, the capital of Liguria and the sixth largest city in Italy from 5 to 14 September 1953” (Ref. 1275G1).

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) made a port of call at Genoe or Genoa pron, the capital of Liguria and the sixth largest city in Italy from 21 to 25 September 1953” (Ref. 1275G1).

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) made a port of call at Cannes (French pronunciation: ​[kan], in Occitan Canas) is a city located on the French Riviera (It is a commune of France located in the Alpes-Maritimes department, a busy tourist destination and host of the annual Cannes Film Festival, Midem, and Cannes Lions International Festival of Creativity) from 25 to 29 September 1953” (Ref. 1275G1).

 

    “USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) made a port of call at Palermo, a city in Insular Italy, the capital of both the autonomous region of Sicily and the Province of Palermo from 9 to 10 October 1953” (Ref. 1275G1).

 

     “Commander R. E. Riera, USN, assumed command as Executive Officer, USS Coral Sea (CVA-43), relieving Commander S. B. Strong, USN, in October 1953” (Ref. 1275G7).

 

    “On 21 October 1953, USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) with Commander, R. B. Wood, USN, Carrier Air Group 8 (CVG-8) (tail code E), Rear Admiral Edgar Allen Cruise, Carrier Division Six, broke his flag in Coral Sea serving since mid 1953, relieving Rear Admiral Charles R. Brown who assumed command on 9 April 1952 (Admiral Brown assisted in commissioning the Navy’s first carrier, the USS Langley (CV-1), Captain G. L. Kohr, USN, relieved Captain William O. Burch, Jr. as Chief of Staff, Carrier Division Six in Coral Sea in mid 1953, while Captain Burch, Jr. served since 8 July 1952 embarked arrived Naval Station, Norfolk, Va., with Captain Henry H. Caldwell, as Commanding Officer, relieving Captain Herbert D. Riley, 7th Commanding Officer, serving from 7 November 1952 to 10 August 1953 and Commander R. E. Riera, USN, assumed command as Executive Officer, relieving Commander S. B. Strong, USN, in October 1953, ending her sixth overseas deployment, on her sixth Mediterranean Sea deployment, operating with the United States Sixth Fleet (6th Fleet), steaming through the North Atlantic operating with the U.S. Atlantic Command (USLANTCOM) (Atlantic Fleet) under the direction of the 2nd Fleet to the Mediterranean Sea, with Captain Caldwell, Henry Howard as the commanding officer, relieving Captain Riley, Herbert D. at Naples, Italy on 10 August 1953, the cruise highlighted by a visit to Spain, and participation in NATO Exercise Black Wave with Deputy Secretary of Defense R.M. Kyes onboard as an observer. Coral Sea made a port of calls at Oran, a major city on the northwestern Mediterranean coast of Algeria, and the second largest city of the country from 7 to 9 May 1953; Cagliari (Italian: [ˈkaʎʎari] - Sardinian: Casteddu; Latin: Caralis) is an Italian municipality and the capital of the island of Sardinia, an Autonomous Region of Italy (Cagliari's Sardinian name Casteddu literally means castle) from 12 to 18 May 1953; Marseille (UK /mɑrˈs/; French: [maʁ.sɛj], locally: [mɑχˈsɛjə]; Occitan: Marselha [maʀˈsejɔ, maʀˈsijɔ]; also Marseilles in English), known in antiquity as Masalia, Massalia or Massilia (from Greek: Μασσαλία; [probably adapted from an existing language related to Ligurian) is the second largest city in France, after Paris, with a population of 850,636 (January 2011) on a land area of 241 km2 (93 sq mi) from 23 to 27 May 1953; Golfe-Juan (Occitan: Lo Gorg Joan, Lo Golfe Joan) is a seaside resort on France's Côte d'Azur. The distinct local character of Golfe-Juan is indicated by the existence of a demonym, "Golfe-Juanais," which is applied to its inhabitants from 27 May to 2 June 1953; Taranto, a coastal city in Apulia, Southern Italy, the capital of the Province of Taranto and is an important commercial port as well as the main Italian naval base (Taranto (Italian pronunciation: [ˈtaːranto]; early Italian: Tarento from Latin: Tarentum; Ancient Greek: Τάρᾱς Tarās; Modern Greek: Τάραντας Tarantas; Tarantino "Tarde") is a coastal city in Apulia, Southern Italy. It is the capital of the Province of Taranto and is an important commercial port as well as the main Italian naval base from 8 to 16 June 1953; Barcelona, the capital of Catalonia and the second largest city in Spain and Malaga, a city and a municipality, capital of the Province of Málaga, in the Autonomous Community of Andalusia, Spain from 23 to 30 June 1953. Rear Admiral Edgar Allen Cruise, Carrier Division Six, broke his flag in Coral Sea in mid 1953, relieving Rear Admiral Charles R. Brown who assumed command on 9 April 1952. Admiral Brown assisted in commissioning the Navy’s first carrier, the USS Langley (CV-1). Captain G. L. Kohr, USN, relieved Captain William O. Burch, Jr. as Chief of Staff, Carrier Division Six in Coral Sea in mid 1953, while Captain Burch, Jr. served since 8 July 1952. Coral Sea made a port of call at Genoe or Genoa pron, the capital of Liguria and the sixth largest city in Italy from 2 to 7 July 1953; Cannes (French pronunciation: ​[kan], in Occitan Canas) is a city located on the French Riviera (It is a commune of France located in the Alpes-Maritimes department, a busy tourist destination and host of the annual Cannes Film Festival, Midem, and Cannes Lions International Festival of Creativity) from 8 to 15 July 1953; Rhodes, an island in Greece, located in the eastern Aegean Sea and is the largest of the Dodecanese islands in terms of both land area and population Genoe or Genoa pron, the capital of Liguria and the sixth largest city in Italy from 22 to 29 July 1953; Thessaloniki, (Greek: Θεσσαλονίκη [θesaloˈnici], also known as Thessalonica or Salonica, is the second-largest city in Greece and the capital of Greek Macedonia, the administrative region of Central Macedonia and the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace from 30 July to 3 August 1953. In July 1951, Captain Caldwell reported as Chief of Staff, Commander Carrier Division Six, in Coral Sea. He was next ordered to the Naval War College at Newport, R.I. He returned to the Coral Sea as CO in August 1953. Coral Sea made a port of calls at Naples, the capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy from 7 to 11 August 1953; La Spezia (Italian: [la ˈspɛtsi̯a] Spèza in the local dialect of Ligurian), at the head of the Gulf of La Spezia in the Liguria region of northern Italy, is the capital city of the province of La Spezia. Located between Genoa and Pisa on the Ligurian Sea, it is one of the main Italian military and commercial harbours and hosts the arsenal of the Italian Navy from 19 to 24 August 1953; Naples, the capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy from 25 to 29 August 1953; Valaencia, the capital of the autonomous community of Valencia and the third largest city in Spain after Madrid and Barcelona; Genoe or Genoa pron, the capital of Liguria and the sixth largest city in Italy from 5 to 14 September 1953; Genoe or Genoa pron, the capital of Liguria and the sixth largest city in Italy from 21 to 25 September 1953; Cannes (French pronunciation: ​[kan], in Occitan Canas) is a city located on the French Riviera (It is a commune of France located in the Alpes-Maritimes department, a busy tourist destination and host of the annual Cannes Film Festival, Midem, and Cannes Lions International Festival of Creativity) from 25 to 29 September 1953 and Palermo, a city in Insular Italy, the capital of both the autonomous region of Sicily and the Province of Palermo from 9 to 10 October 1953. Ports of call include: Oran, Algeria; Cagliari, Italy; Marseille, France; Golfe-Juan (Occitan: Lo Gorg Joan, Lo Golfe Joan) is a seaside resort on France's Côte d'Azur; Taranto, a coastal city in Apulia, Southern Italy; Tarantino "Tarde") is a coastal city in Apulia, Southern Italy; Barcelona, the capital of Catalonia and the second largest city in Spain and Malaga, a city and a municipality; Genoe, Italy; Cannes, France; Rhodes, an island in Greece, Italy; Thessaloniki, Greece; Naples, Italy; La Spezia,  Italy; Naples, Italy; Valaencia, Spain; Genoe, Italy; Cannes, France and Palermo, Sicily and the Province of Palermo. Squadrons: VF-81 (*1), F9F-5; VMF-122, F9F-5; VF-83 (*2), F9F-5; VA-85, AD-4; VC-4 Det. 6, F4U-5N / F2H-3; VC-8, AJ-1 (A-2A); HEDRON - 2nd MAW Det., F2H-2B; VC-62 Det. 6, F2H-2P; VC-33 Det. 6, AD-4B / AD-4N & AD-3Q; VC-12 Det. 6, AD-4W and HU-2 Det. 6, HUP-1. (*1) VF-81 redesignated VA-66 on Jul. 1, 1955 and (*2) VF-83 redesignated VA-83 on Jul. 1, 1955; reclassified hull classification symbol CVA-43 on 1 October 1952. Her seventh Foreign Water Fleet Deployment (FWFD) since her commission on 1 October 1947 (26 April to 21 October 1953)” (Ref. 1-Coral Sea, 34, 35, 43, 72, 1275G, 1275G1, 1275G3-/3, 1275G4, 1275G5, 1275G6, 1275G7, 1275H4-/-4 & 1275H5-/-5).

 

 26/04/53 – 21/10/53

AWARD OR CITATION

 AWARD DATES

 MED CRUISE

 Navy Occupation Service medal for ops in

 European waters

 14 October 1953

 6th

Reference 34 and 35 reflect Chat info.

 

    “Returning to Norfolk, Va., on 21 October 1953, USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) carried out tests for the Bureau of Aeronautics and trained members of the Naval Reserve at Mayport, Florida, and Guantanamo Bay“ (Ref. 1-Coral Sea and 72).

 

     “Commander S. B. Strong, USN, assumed command as Executive Officer, USS Coral Sea (CVA-43), relieving Commander R. E. Riera, USN, October 1953” (Ref. 1275H7-/-7).

 

 

Aerial view of USS Coral Sea (CVA-43) with Carrier Air Group 10 (CVG-10) aboard, probably in 1954. Lightship in the background appears to be USCG LV 84/WAL 509, which was stationed at the entrance of the St. Johns River, near Jacksonville, FL, 1929–1954. NS024352 149k. David Buell Mediterranean Cruise, 7 July–20 December 1954.

http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/024352.jpg

 

     “Captain Harry E. Sears assumed command of USS Coral Sea (CVA-43), on 14 June 1954, relieving Captain Henry H. Caldwell, 8th Commanding Officer, serving from 10 August 1953 to 14 June 1954” (Ref. 35A). 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER VI & VII

 USS CORAL SEA (CV 43)

Operations Evening Light and Eagle Claw, A Sailors tale of his Tour of duty in the U.S. Navy (August 1977 to February 1983)

 

A Sailors tale of his Tour of duty in the U.S. Navy - Operation Evening Light And Eagle Claw -

 

Book - ISBN NO.

978-1-4276-0454-5

EBook - ISBN NO.

978-1-329-15473-5

 

Operations Evening Light and Eagle Claw (24 April 1980) Iran and Air Arm History (1941 to Present)

 

Operations Evening Light and Eagle Claw (24 April 1980) Iran and Air Arm History (1941 to Present)

 

Book ISBN NO.

xxxxxxxxxxxxx

EBook ISBN NO.

978-1-329-19945-3

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA  Vol. I (10 July 1944 to 31 December 1975)

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA Vol. I (10 July 1944 to 31 December 1975) -

 

Book ISBN NO.

xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

EBook ISBN NO.

978-1-329-54596-0

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA DURING HER TOUR OF SERVICE Vol. II (1 January 1976 to 25 August 1981)

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA DURING HER TOUR OF SERVICE Vol. II (1 January 1976 to 25 August 1981) -

 

Book ISBN NO.

xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

EBook ISBN NO.

978-1-329-54790-2

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA DURING HER TOUR OF SERVICE Vol. III (20 August 1981 to 26 April 1990)

 

USS CORAL SEA CV-42, CVB-43, CVA-43 & CV-43 HISTORY, AND THOSE AIRCRAFT CARRIERS OPERATING WITH CORAL SEA DURING HER TOUR OF SERVICE Vol. III (20 August 1981 to 26 April 1990) -

 

Book ISBN NO.

xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

EBook ISBN NO.

978-1-329-55111-4